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slacker

[slak-er] /ˈslæk ər/
noun
1.
a person who evades his or her duty or work; shirker.
2.
a person who evades military service.
3.
an especially educated young person who is antimaterialistic, purposeless, apathetic, and usually works in a dead-end job.
Origin
1790-1800; slack1 + -er1; def. 3 popularized by the film Slackers (1991)
Synonyms
1. malingerer, dodger, laggard.

slack1

[slak] /slæk/
adjective
1.
not tight, taut, firm, or tense; loose:
a slack rope.
2.
negligent; careless; remiss:
slack proofreading.
3.
slow, sluggish, or indolent:
He is slack in answering letters.
4.
not active or busy; dull; not brisk:
the slack season in an industry.
5.
moving very slowly, as the tide, wind, or water.
6.
weak; lax.
7.
Nautical, easy (def 15a).
adverb
8.
in a slack manner.
noun
9.
a slack condition or part.
10.
the part of a rope, sail, or the like, that hangs loose, without strain upon it.
11.
a decrease in activity, as in business or work:
a sudden slack in output.
12.
a period of decreased activity.
13.
Geography. a cessation in a strong flow, as of a current at its turn.
14.
a depression between hills, in a hillside, or in the land surface.
15.
Prosody. (in sprung rhythm) the unaccented syllable or syllables.
16.
British Dialect. a morass; marshy ground; a hollow or dell with soft, wet ground at the bottom.
verb (used with object)
17.
to be remiss in respect to (some matter, duty, right, etc.); shirk; leave undone:
He slacked the most important part.
18.
to make or allow to become less active, vigorous, intense, etc.; relax (efforts, labor, speed, etc.); lessen; moderate (often followed by up).
19.
to make loose, or less tense or taut, as a rope; loosen (often followed by off or out).
20.
to slake (lime).
verb (used without object)
21.
to be remiss; shirk one's duty or part.
22.
to become less active, vigorous, rapid, etc. (often followed by up):
Business is slacking up.
23.
to become less tense or taut, as a rope; to ease off.
24.
to become slaked, as lime.
Idioms
25.
take up the slack,
  1. to pull in or make taut a loose section of a rope, line, wire, etc.:
    Take up the slack before releasing the kite.
  2. to provide or compensate for something that is missing or incomplete:
    New sources of oil will take up the slack resulting from the embargo.
Origin
before 900; Middle English slac (adj.), Old English sleac, slæc; cognate with Old Norse slakr, Old High German slach, Latin laxus lax
Related forms
slackingly, adverb
slackly, adverb
slackness, noun
unslacked, adjective
unslacking, adjective
Synonyms
1. relaxed. 2. lazy, weak. 3. dilatory, tardy, late. 4. idle, quiet. 11. slowing, relaxation. 17. neglect. 18. reduce, slacken. 21. malinger.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for slacker
  • Night owls belie slacker reputation by staying alert longer.
  • The new arrangements might oblige the slacker ones to be more engaged.
  • Factories moved shifts to nights and weekends, when demand for power is slacker.
  • They are slacker and more anecdotal, and their rhythms drive forward less compulsively.
  • But more buyers meant higher prices, making loans even less affordable to the poor and requiring even slacker lending standards.
  • Meditate for a moment on the word dude, as it was used long before it became a one-word anthem for the slacker generation.
  • The surrounding area offers much more excitement than its slacker's-paradise reputation would imply.
  • For every player committed to the team's conditioning program, there was a slacker.
  • If you want it spoiled in exhaustive detail, click the link below, slacker.
  • The vote went in favor of the slacker, who was well liked.
British Dictionary definitions for slacker

slacker

/ˈslækə/
noun
1.
a person who evades work or duty; shirker
2.
(informal)
  1. an educated young adult characterized by cynicism and apathy
  2. (as modifier) slacker culture

slack1

/slæk/
adjective
1.
not tight, tense, or taut
2.
negligent or careless
3.
(esp of water, etc) moving slowly
4.
(of trade, etc) not busy
5.
(phonetics) another term for lax (sense 4)
adverb
6.
in a slack manner
noun
7.
a part of a rope, etc, that is slack take in the slack
8.
a period of decreased activity
9.
  1. a patch of water without current
  2. a slackening of a current
10.
(prosody) (in sprung rhythm) the unstressed syllable or syllables
verb
11.
to neglect (one's duty, etc)
12.
(often foll by off) to loosen; to make slack
13.
(chem) a less common word for slake (sense 3)
See also slacks
Derived Forms
slackly, adverb
slackness, noun
Word Origin
Old English slæc, sleac; related to Old High German slah, Old Norse slākr bad, Latin laxuslax

slack2

/slæk/
noun
1.
small pieces of coal with a high ash content
Word Origin
C15: probably from Middle Low German slecke; related to Dutch slak, German Schlacke dross
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for slacker
slack
O.E. slæc "loose, careless" (in ref. to personal conduct), from P.Gmc. *slakas (cf. O.S. slak, O.N. slakr, O.H.G. slah "slack," M.Du. lac "fault, lack"), from PIE base *(s)leg- "to be slack" (see lax). Sense of "not tight" (in ref. to things) is first recorded c.1300. The verb is attested from 1520; slacken (v.) first recorded 1580. Slack-key (1975) translates Hawaiian ki ho'alu First record of slack-jawed (1901) is in Kipling. Slack water "time when tide is not flowing" is from 1769. Slacker popularized 1994, though meaning "person who shirks work" dates back to 1898.
slack
"coal dust," c.1440, sleck, probably from M.Du. slacke, M.L.G. slecke "slag, small pieces left after coal is screened," perhaps related to slagge "splinter flying off metal when it is struck" (see slag).
slack
1794, "loose part or end" (of a rope, sail, etc.), from slack (adj.); hense fig. senses in take up the slack (1930) and slang cut (someone) some slack (1968). Meaning "quiet period, lull" is from 1851. Slacks "loose trousers" first recorded 1824, originally military.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for slacker

slacker

modifier

: this lame ''slacker'' attitude a la Jeff Spicoli from Fast Times at Ridgemont High

noun

An indolent and detached person; shirker; idler: The epitome of the slang-slinging, wise-cracking slacker (1898+)

[revived in the 1990s to describe a sort of cultural anomie]


slack

noun

A period of inertness or decreased activity: He'd pulled his weight long enough to get some slack/ a channel surfer trapped in his own den of slack (1851+)

verb

: Witness the 40,000 or so Americans here now, a lot of them teaching English or just slacking, drinking 50-cent beers in the pubs, grooving to acid jazz at the Roxy


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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13
15
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