sledge

1 [slej]
noun
1.
a vehicle of various forms, mounted on runners and often drawn by draft animals, used for traveling or for conveying loads over snow, ice, rough ground, etc.
2.
a sled.
3.
British. a sleigh.
verb (used with object), verb (used without object), sledged, sledging.
4.
to convey or travel by sledge.
verb (used without object), sledged, sledging.
5.
British. to sleigh.

Origin:
1595–1605; < dialectal Dutch sleeds, derivative of slede sled; cf. sleigh

Dictionary.com Unabridged

sledge

2 [slej]
noun, verb (used with object), verb (used without object), sledged, sledging.
sledgehammer ( defs 1, 2 ).

Origin:
before 1000; Middle English slegge, Old English slecg; cognate with Dutch slegge, Old Norse sleggja; akin to slay

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
sledge or sled1 (slɛdʒ, slɛd)
 
n
1.  Also called: sleigh a vehicle mounted on runners, drawn by horses or dogs, for transporting people or goods, esp over snow
2.  a light wooden frame used, esp by children, for sliding over snow; toboggan
3.  (NZ) a farm vehicle mounted on runners, for use on rough or muddy ground
 
vb
4.  to convey, travel, or go by sledge
 
[C17: from Middle Dutch sleedse; C14 sled, from Middle Low German, from Old Norse slethi, related to slide]
 
sled or sled1
 
n
 
vb
 
[C17: from Middle Dutch sleedse; C14 sled, from Middle Low German, from Old Norse slethi, related to slide]
 
'sledger or sled1
 
n

sledge2 (slɛdʒ)
 
n
short for sledgehammer

sledge3 (slɛdʒ)
 
vb
1.  (tr) to bait (an opponent, esp a batsman in cricket) in order to upset his concentration
 
n
2.  an insult aimed at another player during a game of cricket
 
[of uncertain origin; perhaps from sledgehammer]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

sledge
"heavy hammer," O.E. slecg, from P.Gmc. *slagj- (cf. O.N. sleggja, M.Swed. sleggia "sledgehammer"), related to slean "to strike" (see slay). Sledgehammer, first attested 1495, is pleonastic.

sledge
"sleigh," 1617, from dialectal Du. sleedse, variant of slede (see sled); said to be of Frisian origin.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

sledge

any freight- or passenger-carrying device that is dragged or pushed without the aid of wheels. The travois of the North American Indian was a sledge consisting of two transversely connected wooden shafts dragged at an angle to the ground. Sledges date back to antiquity; Assyrian and Egyptian reliefs depict huge statues being pulled by sledge. The arrival of the wheel and axle ended the use of the sledge except in its snow-and-ice surface form of sled-a body mounted on runners. See also litter

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
However, eradicating mosquitoes to solve these diseases is akin to having a
  surgeon use a sledge hammer to remove a brain tumor.
Most of those old tubs were broken up with sledge hammers or tossed out
  second-story windows during remodeling.
Over time, new link to the hammer image might modify the target image from a
  carpenter's hammer to a sledge hammer.
People may have then used a wooden sledge to move pillars from the quarry to
  the construction site.
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