|Compare cutter a single-masted sailing vessel, rigged fore-and-aft, with the mast stepped about one third of the overall length aft of the bow|
|[C17: from Dutch sloep; related to French chaloupe launch, Old English slūpan to glide]|
single-masted sailing vessel with fore-and-aft rigging, including mainsail, jib, and sometimes one or more headsails. A sloop of war was a small sloop-rigged warship, mounting about 20 guns. In modern usage, the sloop is practically synonymous with the cutter
Learn more about sloop with a free trial on Britannica.com.