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sluggish

[sluhg-ish] /ˈslʌg ɪʃ/
adjective
1.
indisposed to action or exertion; lacking in energy; lazy; indolent:
a sluggish disposition.
2.
not acting or working with full vigor, as bodily organs:
a sluggish liver.
3.
slow to act or respond:
a sluggish car engine.
4.
moving slowly, or having little motion, as a stream.
5.
slow, as motion.
6.
slack, as trade, business, or sales.
Origin of sluggish
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; late Middle English slugissh. See slug1, -ish1
Related forms
sluggishly, adverb
sluggishness, noun
unsluggish, adjective
unsluggishly, adverb
unsluggishness, noun
Synonyms
1. slow, slothful. See inactive.
Antonyms
1. quick, active.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for sluggish
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • Health Hint: To cure a sluggish disposition, run up against a real prize fighter.

  • The cold air entering by the open window, whipped his sluggish blood.

    Therese Raquin Emile Zola
  • With a sluggish movement the music uncoiled itself like a huge boa about to engulf a tiny rabbit.

    Visionaries James Huneker
  • When the climate was warm they were active; when the climate was cold they were sluggish.

    The Meaning of Evolution Samuel Christian Schmucker
  • His gaze was still bent outwards to the sluggish line of tide on the horizon.

    Twos and Threes G. B. Stern
British Dictionary definitions for sluggish

sluggish

/ˈslʌɡɪʃ/
adjective
1.
lacking energy; inactive; slow-moving
2.
functioning at below normal rate or level
3.
exhibiting poor response to stimulation
Derived Forms
sluggishly, adverb
sluggishness, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for sluggish
adj.

mid-15c., from Middle English slugge "lazy person" (see sluggard) + -ish. Earlier adjective was sluggi (early 13c.). Related: Sluggishly; sluggishness.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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