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sluice

[sloos] /slus/
noun
1.
an artificial channel for conducting water, often fitted with a gate (sluice gate) at the upper end for regulating the flow.
2.
the body of water held back or controlled by a sluice gate.
3.
any contrivance for regulating a flow from or into a receptacle.
4.
a channel, especially one carrying off surplus water; drain.
5.
a stream of surplus water.
6.
an artificial stream or channel of water for moving solid matter:
a lumbering sluice.
7.
Also called sluice box. Mining. a long, sloping trough or the like, with grooves on the bottom, into which water is directed to separate gold from gravel or sand.
verb (used with object), sluiced, sluicing.
8.
to let out (water) by or as if by opening a sluice.
9.
to drain (a pond, lake, etc.) by or as if by opening a sluice.
10.
to open a sluice upon.
11.
to flush or cleanse with a rush of water:
to sluice the decks of a boat.
12.
Mining. to wash in a sluice.
13.
to send (logs) down a sluiceway.
verb (used without object), sluiced, sluicing.
14.
to flow or pour through or as if through a sluice.
Origin
1300-1350
1300-50; Middle English scluse (noun) < Old French escluse < Late Latin exclūsa, a water barrier, noun use of feminine of Latin exclūsus, past participle of exclūdere to exclude
Related forms
sluicelike, adjective
undersluice, noun
unsluiced, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for sluice
  • Instead, he uses two time-tested and inexpensive pieces of equipment: a pan and a sluice.
  • Flood tide filled the pond, and the sluice gate was closed.
  • It's meant to stay put, to sluice through our veins, arteries and capillaries as it irrigates the body.
  • In addition to panning, gold can be taken using hand-operated sluice boxes for which a state-issued permit has been issued.
  • All the tanks in the group are connected by sluice pipes.
  • Each tank in the group has an upper and lower sluice pipe.
  • sluice boxes can be made out of wood, aluminum, plastic or steel.
  • The diversion is a fabricated steel box structure that contains a sluice with check boards with a stop at the bottom.
  • It is used to seal the dam in order to remove a sluice gate for maintenance or work inside one of the sluices.
  • The water from the dredged material will flow back into the sluice channel, which flows into the existing ash pond.
British Dictionary definitions for sluice

sluice

/sluːs/
noun
1.
Also called sluiceway. a channel that carries a rapid current of water, esp one that has a sluicegate to control the flow
2.
the body of water controlled by a sluicegate
3.
4.
(mining) an inclined trough for washing ore, esp one having riffles on the bottom to trap particles
5.
an artificial channel through which logs can be floated
6.
(informal) a brief wash in running water
verb
7.
(transitive) to draw out or drain (water, etc) from (a pond, etc) by means of a sluice
8.
(transitive) to wash or irrigate with a stream of water
9.
(transitive) (mining) to wash in a sluice
10.
(transitive) to send (logs, etc) down a sluice
11.
(intransitive; often foll by away or out) (of water, etc) to run or flow from or as if from a sluice
12.
(transitive) to provide with a sluice
Derived Forms
sluicelike, adjective
Word Origin
C14: from Old French escluse, from Late Latin exclūsa aqua water shut out, from Latin exclūdere to shut out, exclude
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for sluice
n.

c.1400, earlier scluse (mid-14c.), a shortening of Old French escluse "sluice, floodgate" (Modern French écluse), from Late Latin exclusa "barrier to shut out water" (in aqua exclusa "water shut out," i.e. separated from the river), from fem. singular of Latin exclusus, past participle of excludere "to shut out" (see exclude).

v.

1590s, from sluice (n.). Related: Sluiced; sluicing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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