adjective, smaller, smallest.
of limited size; of comparatively restricted dimensions; not big; little: a small box.
slender, thin, or narrow: a small waist.
not large as compared with others of the same kind: a small elephant.
(of letters) lower-case ( def 1 ).
not great in amount, degree, extent, duration, value, etc.: a small salary.
not great numerically: a small army.
of low numerical value; denoted by a low number.
having but little land, capital, power, influence, etc., or carrying on business or some activity on a limited scale: a small enterprise.
of minor importance, moment, weight, or consequence: a small problem.
humble, modest, or unpretentious: small circumstances.
characterized by or indicative of littleness of mind or character; mean-spirited; petty: a small, miserly man.
of little strength or force: a small effort.
(of sound or the voice) gentle; with little volume.
very young: when I was a small boy.
diluted; weak.
adverb, smaller, smallest.
in a small manner: They talked big but lived small.
into small pieces: Slice the cake small.
in low tones; softly.
something that is small: Do you prefer the small or the large?
a small or narrow part, as of the back.
those who are small: Democracy benefits the great and the small.
smalls, small goods or products.
smalls, British.
household linen, as napkins, pillowcases, etc.
smalls, British Informal. the responsions at Oxford University.
smalls, Mining. coal, ore, gangue, etc., in fine particles.
feel small, to be ashamed or mortified: Her unselfishness made me feel small.

before 900; Middle English smale (adj., noun, and adv.), Old English smæl; cognate with Dutch smal, German schmal

smallness, noun
ultrasmall, adjective

1. tiny. See little. 2. slight. 1, 3, 5. Smaller, less indicate a diminution, or not so large a size or quantity in some respect. Smaller as applied to concrete objects, is used with reference to size: smaller apples. Less is used of material in bulk, with reference to amount, and in cases where attributes such as value and degree are in question: A nickel is less than a dime (in value). A sergeant is less than a lieutenant (in rank). As an abstraction, amount may be either smaller or less though smaller is usually used when the idea of size is suggested: a smaller opportunity. Less is used when the idea of quantity is present: less courage. 9. trifling, petty, unimportant, minor, secondary, nugatory, inconsequential, paltry, insignificant. 11. small-minded, narrow-minded, mean, selfish, narrow. 12. feeble.

1. large, big. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To smaller
World English Dictionary
small (smɔːl)
1.  comparatively little; limited in size, number, importance, etc
2.  of little importance or on a minor scale: a small business
3.  lacking in moral or mental breadth or depth: a small mind
4.  modest or humble: small beginnings
5.  of low or inferior status, esp socially
6.  (of a child or animal) young; not mature
7.  unimportant, trivial: a small matter
8.  not outstanding: a small actor
9.  Compare capital See also lower case of, relating to, or designating the ordinary modern minuscule letter used in printing and cursive writing
10.  lacking great strength or force: a small effort
11.  in fine particles: small gravel
12.  obsolete (of beer, etc) of low alcoholic strength
13.  into small pieces: you have to cut it small
14.  in a small or soft manner
15.  feel small to be humiliated or inferior
16.  the small an object, person, or group considered to be small: do you want the small or the large?
17.  a small slender part, esp of the back
18.  informal chiefly (Brit) (plural) items of personal laundry, such as underwear
[Old English smæl; related to Old High German smal, Old Norse smali small cattle]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

O.E. smæl "slender, narrow, small," from P.Gmc. *smalaz (cf. O.S., Dan., Swed., M.Du., Du., O.H.G. smal, O.Fris. smel, Ger. schmal "narrow," Goth. smalista "smallest," O.N. smali "small cattle, sheep"), perhaps from a PIE base *(s)melo- "smaller animal" (cf. Gk. melon, O.Ir. mil "a small animal;"
O.C.S. malu "bad"). Original sense of "narrow" now almost obsolete, except in reference to waistline and intestines.
"My sister ... is as white as a lilly, and as small as a wand." [Shakespeare, "Two Gentlemen of Verona," 1591]
Sense of "not large, of little size" developed in O.E. With many extended senses, e.g. small fry, first recorded 1690s of little fish, 1885 of insignificant people. Small potatoes first attested 1940; small change "something of little value" is from 1902; small talk "chit-chat" (1751) first recorded in Chesterfield's "Letters." Small world as a comment upon an unexpected meeting of acquaintances is recorded from 1895. Small-town (adj.) "unsophisticated, provincial" is recorded from 1824. Small arms, indicating those capable of being carried in the hand (contrasted to ordnance) is recorded from 1710.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
There will be fewer scholarships for athletes, smaller teams, and perhaps a
  smaller staff.
After that, engineers squeezed more and more components on to ever smaller
But prejudices are still useful-and this newspaper's prejudice is to look for
  ways to make the state smaller.
Yet they are being asked to work fewer hours for smaller pay packets.
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