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sober

[soh-ber] /ˈsoʊ bər/
adjective, soberer, soberest.
1.
not intoxicated or drunk.
2.
habitually temperate, especially in the use of liquor.
3.
quiet or sedate in demeanor, as persons.
4.
marked by seriousness, gravity, solemnity, etc., as of demeanor, speech, etc.:
a sober occasion.
5.
subdued in tone, as color; not gay or showy, as clothes.
6.
free from excess, extravagance, or exaggeration:
sober facts.
7.
showing self-control:
sober restraint.
8.
sane or rational:
a sober solution to the problem.
verb (used with object), verb (used without object)
9.
to make or become sober: (often followed by up).
Origin
1300-1350
1300-50; Middle English sobre < Old French < Latin sōbrius
Related forms
soberingly, adverb
soberly, adverb
soberness, noun
nonsober, adjective
nonsoberly, adverb
nonsoberness, noun
nonsobering, adjective
quasi-sober, adjective
quasi-soberly, adverb
unsober, adjective
unsoberly, adverb
unsoberness, noun
unsobered, adjective
unsobering, adjective
Synonyms
2. abstinent, abstemious. 4. serious, quiet, sedate, subdued, staid. See grave2 . 5. somber, dull. 7. composed, collected. 8. reasonable, sound.
Antonyms
4. gay.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for sober
  • In short, coffee-houses were calm, sober and well-ordered establishments that promoted polite conversation and discussion.
  • AA is also suspicious, as many regular members do not stay sober, many drop out and many die.
  • Am generally quite sober, but will be sure to watch myself if drinking.
  • The climate of exaggeration and hype made it easy for sober-minded observers to dismiss the new economy.
  • More sober minds suggested the box was a clock or a navigational device, but even those interpretations rested on skimpy evidence.
  • What is needed is neither denial nor panic, but a sober effort to monitor the situation and adapt.
  • Viewers want a sober yet comforting delivery from a host who is trustworthy.
  • Its advice for giving a wedding toast, for instance, is to stay sober.
  • As this conflict has dragged on, sober voices inside the movement have grown noticeably quieter.
  • All he wished of his tailor was, to provide that sober mean of color and cut which would never detain the eye for a moment.
British Dictionary definitions for sober

sober

/ˈsəʊbə/
adjective
1.
not drunk
2.
not given to excessive indulgence in drink or any other activity
3.
sedate and rational a sober attitude to a problem
4.
(of colours) plain and dull or subdued
5.
free from exaggeration or speculation he told us the sober truth
verb
6.
(usually foll by up) to make or become less intoxicated, reckless, etc
Derived Forms
sobering, adjective
soberingly, adverb
soberly, adverb
soberness, noun
Word Origin
C14 sobre, from Old French, from Latin sōbrius
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for sober
adj.

mid-14c., "moderate in desires or actions, temperate, restrained," especially "abstaining from strong drink," also "calm, quiet, not overcome by emotion," from Old French sobre "decent; sober" (12c.), from Latin sobrius "not drunk, temperate, moderate, sensible," from a variant of se- "without" (see se-) + ebrius "drunk," of unknown origin. Meaning "not drunk at the moment" is from late 14c.; also "appropriately solemn, serious, not giddy." Related: Soberly; soberness. Sobersides "sedate, serious-minded person" is recorded from 1705.

v.

late 14c., "reduce to a quiet condition" (transitive), from sober (adj.). Meaning "render grave or serious" is from 1726. Intransitive sense of "become sober" (since late 19c. often with up) is from 1820. Related: Sobered; sobering.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for sober

sober

Related Terms

cold sober, stone cold sober


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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