follow Dictionary.com

Today's Word of the Day means...

socage

[sok-ij] /ˈsɒk ɪdʒ/
noun, Medieval English Law.
1.
a tenure of land held by the tenant in performance of specified services or by payment of rent, and not requiring military service.
Also, soccage.
Origin
1275-1325
1275-1325; Middle English sokage < Anglo-French socage, equivalent to soc soke + -age -age
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source
British Dictionary definitions for socage

socage

/ˈsɒkɪdʒ/
noun
1.
(English legal history) the tenure of land by certain services, esp of an agricultural nature
2.
(English law) the freehold tenure of land
Derived Forms
socager, noun
Word Origin
C14: from Anglo-French, from socsoke
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Cite This Source
Encyclopedia Article for socage

in feudal English property law, form of land tenure in which the tenant lived on his lord's land and in return rendered to the lord a certain agricultural service or money rent. At the death of a tenant in socage (or socager), the land went to his heir after a payment to the lord of a sum of money (known as a relief), which in time became fixed at an amount equal to a year's rent on the land. Socage is to be distinguished from tenure by knight service, in which the service rendered was of a military nature, although, by statute in 1660, all knight-service tenure became socage tenure. In time, most of the land in England came to be held in socage tenure. In the United States, lands in the early colonies were given in socage, particularly in Pennsylvania, where the royal charter given to William Penn created a socage tenure with an annual rent of two beaver skins for the land. After the American Revolution, lands held in socage tenure from the crown were deemed to be held by the state as sovereign, and several states passed statutes or enacted constitutional provisions abolishing tenure

Learn more about socage with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
Cite This Source

Word of The Day

Difficulty index for socage

Few English speakers likely know this word

Word Value for socage

9
11
Scrabble Words With Friends