[soh-see-ol-uh-jee, soh-shee-]
the science or study of the origin, development, organization, and functioning of human society; the science of the fundamental laws of social relations, institutions, etc.

1835–45; < French sociologie. See socio-, -logy

sociologist, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
sociology (ˌsəʊsɪˈɒlədʒɪ)
the study of the development, organization, functioning, and classification of human societies

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1843, from Fr. sociologie, a hybrid coined 1830 by Fr. philosopher Isidore Auguste Comte (1798-1857), from L. socius "associate" + Gk.-derived suffix -logie "-logy."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
sociology   (sō'sē-ŏl'ə-jē)  Pronunciation Key 
The scientific study of human social behavior and its origins, development, organizations, and institutions.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

sociology definition

The systematic study of human society, especially present-day societies. Sociologists study the organization, institutions, and development of societies, with a particular interest in identifying causes of the changing relationships among individuals and groups. (See social science.)

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Economics, sociology, and politics are all important factors in planning for
  the future.
Leaving politics and sociology aside, the image compels on its own merits.
The authors are invited to take a sociology or political science course once in
  a while.
Some connect science to history, philosophy, sociology or ethics.
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