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socket

[sok-it] /ˈsɒk ɪt/
noun
1.
a hollow part or piece for receiving and holding some part or thing.
2.
Electricity.
  1. a device intended to hold an electric light bulb mechanically and connect it electrically to circuit wires.
  2. Also called wall socket. a socket placed in a wall to receive a plug that makes an electrical connection with supply wiring.
3.
Anatomy.
  1. a hollow in one part that receives another part:
    the socket of the eye.
  2. the concavity of a joint:
    the socket of the hip.
verb (used with object)
4.
to place in or fit with a socket.
Origin
1300-1350
1300-50; Middle English soket < Anglo-French, equivalent to Old French soc plowshare (< Gaulish *soccos; compare Welsh swch, Old Irish socc) + -et -et
Related forms
socketless, adjective
unsocketed, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for socket
  • The dog nearly yanking my arm out of the socket gets that credit.
  • The shoulder-joint is an enarthrodial or ball-and-socket joint.
  • Each pole had in the side facing the other a socket into which a smooth cross-piece or roller was fitted.
  • He never spoke, had only one eye and an inflamed socket.
  • It was a pretty thing, a nickeled cylinder with an almost silvery socket, to be attached to the dashboard of his car.
  • We can debate if a socket wrench makes a good enough hammer and drill press, but it really is foolish to plan that way.
  • Nor does the idea of throwing away the tank and plugging your car into an electric socket instead.
  • For the time being, soft radios will be restricted to devices that draw their power from a socket on the wall.
  • Buy one of these gizmos, the theory goes, and you need never connect it to a wall socket.
  • In a plug-in, the electricity comes from the mains, via an ordinary electrical socket.
British Dictionary definitions for socket

socket

/ˈsɒkɪt/
noun
1.
a device into which an electric plug can be inserted in order to make a connection in a circuit
2.
(mainly Brit) such a device mounted on a wall and connected to the electricity supply Informal Brit names point, plug US and Canadian name outlet
3.
a part with an opening or hollow into which some other part, such as a pipe, probe, etc, can be fitted
4.
a spanner head having a recess suitable to be fitted over the head of a bolt and a keyway into which a wrench can be fitted
5.
(anatomy)
  1. a bony hollow into which a part or structure fits: a tooth socket, an eye socket
  2. the receptacle of a ball-and-socket joint
verb
6.
(transitive) to furnish with or place into a socket
Word Origin
C13: from Anglo-Norman soket a little ploughshare, from soc, of Celtic origin; compare Cornish soch ploughshare
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for socket
n.

c.1300, "spearhead" (originally one shaped like a plowshare), from Anglo-French soket "spearhead, plowshare" (mid-13c.), diminutive of Old French soc "plowshare," from Vulgar Latin *soccus, perhaps from a Gaulish source, from Celtic *sukko- (cf. Welsh swch "plowshare," Middle Irish soc "plowshare"), properly "hog's snout," from PIE *su- "pig" (cf. Latin sus "swine;" see sow (n.) "female pig").

Meaning "hollow part or piece for receiving and holding something" first recorded early 15c.; anatomical sense is from c.1600; domestic electrical sense first recorded 1885. Socket wrench is attested from 1837. The verb is 1530s, from the noun. Related: Socketed; socketing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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socket in Medicine

socket sock·et (sŏk'ĭt)
n.

  1. The concave part of a joint that receives the articular end of a bone.

  2. A hollow or concavity into which a part, such as an eye fits.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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socket in Technology

networking
The Berkeley Unix mechansim for creating a virtual connection between processes. Sockets interface Unix's standard I/O with its network communication facilities. They can be of two types, stream (bi-directional) or datagram (fixed length destination-addressed messages). The socket library function socket() creates a communications end-point or socket and returns a file descriptor with which to access that socket. The socket has associated with it a socket address, consisting of a port number and the local host's network address.
Unix manual page: socket(2).
(1995-01-31)

The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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