sodium carbonate ( def 2 ).
sodium, as in carbonate of soda.
a drink made with soda water, flavoring, such as fruit or other syrups, and often ice cream, milk, etc.
(in faro) the card turned up in the dealing box before one begins to play.

1550–60; (< Italian) < Medieval Latin < Arabic suwwādah kind of plant; compare Middle French soulde, soude

sodaless, adjective

7. See soda pop. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
soda (ˈsəʊdə)
1.  any of a number of simple inorganic compounds of sodium, such as sodium carbonate (washing soda), sodium bicarbonate (baking soda), and sodium hydroxide (caustic soda)
2.  See soda water
3.  (US), (Canadian) a fizzy drink
4.  the top card of the pack in faro
5.  slang (Austral) a soda something easily done; a pushover
[C16: from Medieval Latin, from sodanum barilla, a plant that was burned to obtain a type of sodium carbonate, perhaps of Arabic origin]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1471, "alkaline substance," from It. sida (or M.L. soda) "a kind of saltwort," from which soda is obtained, probably from Arabic suwwad, the name of a variety of saltwort exported from North Africa to Sicily in the Middle Ages, related to sawad "black," the color of the plant. The meaning "carbonated
water" is first recorded 1834, a shortening of soda water (1802). Soda fountain is from 1824; soda jerk first attested 1883. First record of soda pop is from 1873.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

soda so·da (sō'də)

  1. Any of various forms of sodium carbonate.

  2. Chemically combined sodium.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Computing Dictionary

SODA definition

Symbolic Optimum DEUCE Assembly Program

The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010
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Example sentences
Home carbonation machine, to turn tap water into sparkling water or soda.
Buttermilk's slight acidity helps activate baking soda and make bread rise.
These were white cylinders nearly as wide as soda cans, lopped off at the top
  as they grew greener.
Instead, the bottle is closed off with a crown cap more likely to be found on
  your soda bottle.
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