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sofer

[soh-fer; Sephardic Hebrew saw-fer; Ashkenazic Hebrew soh-fer] /ˈsoʊ fər; Sephardic Hebrew sɔˈfɛr; Ashkenazic Hebrew ˈsoʊ fɛr/
noun, plural soferim
[soh-fer-im; Sephardic Hebrew saw-fe-reem; Ashkenazic Hebrew soh-fe-rim] /ˈsoʊ fər ɪm; Sephardic Hebrew sɔ fɛˈrim; Ashkenazic Hebrew ˈsoʊ fɛ rɪm/ (Show IPA).
(often initial capital letter) Judaism.
1.
scribe1 (def 3).
Origin
< Hebrew sōphēr
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Encyclopedia Article for sofer

any of a group of Jewish scholars who interpreted and taught biblical law and ethics from about the 5th century BC to about 200 BC. Understood in this sense, the first of the soferim was the biblical prophet Ezra, even though the word previously designated an important administrator connected with the Temple but without religious status. Ezra and his disciples initiated a tradition of rabbinic scholarship that remains to this day a fundamental feature of Judaism.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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