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Sofia

[soh-fee-uh, soh-fee-uh or for 2, soh-fahy-uh] /ˈsoʊ fi ə, soʊˈfi ə or for 2, soʊˈfaɪ ə/
noun
1.
Also, Sofiya
[Bulgarian saw-fee-yuh] /Bulgarian ˈsɔ fi yə/ (Show IPA)
. a city in and the capital of Bulgaria, in the W part.
2.
a female given name.

Bulgaria

[buhl-gair-ee-uh, boo l-] /bʌlˈgɛər i ə, bʊl-/
noun
1.
a republic in SE Europe. 42,800 sq. mi. (110,850 sq. km).
Capital: Sofia.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for Sofia

Sofia

/ˈsəʊfɪə/
noun
1.
the capital of Bulgaria, in the west: colonized by the Romans in 29 ad; became capital of Bulgaria in 1879; university (1880). Pop: 1 045 000 (2005 est) Ancient name Serdica Bulgarian name Sofiya (ˈsɔfiˌja)

Bulgaria

/bʌlˈɡɛərɪə; bʊl-/
noun
1.
a republic in SE Europe, on the Balkan Peninsula on the Black Sea: under Turkish rule from 1395 until 1878; became an independent kingdom in 1908 and a republic in 1946; joined the EU in 2007; consists chiefly of the Danube valley in the north and the Balkan Mountains in the central part, separated from the Rhodope Mountains of the south by the valley of the Maritsa River. Language: Bulgarian. Religion: Christian (Bulgarian Orthodox) majority. Currency: lev. Capital: Sofia. Pop: 6 981 642 (2013 est). Area: 110 911 sq km (42 823 sq miles)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Sofia

Bulgarian capital, Roman Serdica, from the Thracian Serdi people who lived thereabouts. Conquered by the Bulgarians 9c. who altered the name by folk-etymology to Sredeti, which in their tongue meant "center, middle." It got its current name 14c. when the Turks conquered it and converted the 6c. church of St. Sophia into a mosque; the name thence extended to the whole city.

Bulgaria

n.

Medieval Latin, from Bulgari "Bulgarians," perhaps literally "the men from the Bolg," the River Volga, upon whose banks they lived until 6c. But the people's name for themselves in Old Bulgarian was Blugarinu, according to OED, which suggests a different origin. In other sources [e.g. Room], the name is said to be ultimately from Turkic bulga "mixed," in reference to the nature of this people of Turko-Finnish extraction but Slavic language.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Sofia in Culture

Bulgaria definition


Republic in southeastern Europe in the eastern part of the Balkan Peninsula, bordered by Romania to the north, the Black Sea to the east, Turkey to the southeast, Greece to the south, and Macedonia and Yugoslavia to the west. Its capital and largest city is Sofia.

Note: Former Eastern Bloc country. Soviet troops entered Bulgaria in 1944, and a communist government was established soon thereafter. Bulgaria's communist rulers followed the Soviet lead for almost fifty years, until the collapse of the Soviet Union. In January 1991, a multiparty government began to institute democratic and economic reforms.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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