soft

[sawft, soft]
adjective, softer, softest.
1.
yielding readily to touch or pressure; easily penetrated, divided, or changed in shape; not hard or stiff: a soft pillow.
2.
relatively deficient in hardness, as metal or wood.
3.
smooth and agreeable to the touch; not rough or coarse: a soft fabric; soft skin.
4.
producing agreeable sensations; pleasant or comfortable: soft slumber.
5.
low or subdued in sound; gentle and melodious: soft music; a soft voice.
6.
not harsh or unpleasant to the eye; not glaring: soft light; a soft color.
7.
not hard or sharp: soft outlines.
8.
gentle or mild: soft breezes.
9.
genial or balmy, as climate or air.
10.
gentle, mild, warm-hearted, or compassionate: a soft, grandmotherly woman.
11.
smooth, soothing, or ingratiating: soft words.
12.
not harsh or severe, as a penalty or demand.
13.
responsive or sympathetic to the feelings, emotions, needs, etc., of others; tender-hearted.
14.
sentimental or flowery, as language: soft, meaningless talk.
15.
not strong or robust; delicate; incapable of great endurance or exertion: He was too soft for the Marines.
16.
Informal. easy; involving little effort; not difficult, laborious, trying, or severe: a soft job.
17.
Informal. easily influenced or swayed; easily imposed upon; impressionable.
18.
lenient, permissive, or conciliatory, especially regarding something that is conceived of as dangerous or threatening: to be soft on Communism.
19.
(of water) relatively free from mineral salts that interfere with the action of soap.
20.
(of paper money or a monetary system) not supported by sufficient gold reserves or not easily convertible into a foreign currency.
21.
(of a market, market condition, or prices) declining in value, volume, profitability, etc.; weak: a soft tourist season. Compare firm1 ( def 7 ).
22.
(of money) plentiful or available at low interest rates or on easy terms: a soft loan.
24.
Metallurgy.
a.
(of a metal) easily magnetized and demagnetized.
b.
(of solder) fusing readily.
c.
(of a metal or alloy) fully annealed, so as to provide minimum mechanical hardness.
25.
Photography.
a.
(of a photographic image) having delicate gradations of tone.
b.
(of a focus) lacking in sharpness.
c.
(of a lens) unable to be focused sharply.
26.
Phonetics.
a.
(of consonants) lenis, especially lenis and voiced.
b.
(of c and g ) pronounced as in cent and gem.
c.
(of consonants in Slavic languages) palatalized. Compare hard ( def 38 ).
27.
Military. (of a missile-launching base) aboveground and relatively unprotected from enemy attack.
28.
Aerospace. (of a landing of a space vehicle) gentle; not harmful to the vehicle or its contents: a soft landing on the moon.
29.
Physics. (of a beam of particles or electromagnetic radiation) having relatively low energy: soft x-rays. Compare hard ( def 40 ).
30.
(of a delegate, voter, etc.) not committed to any one candidate.
31.
foolish or stupid: soft in the head.
32.
(of a detergent) readily biodegradable.
noun
33.
something that is soft or yielding; the soft part.
34.
softness.
adverb
35.
in a soft manner.
interjection Archaic.
36.
be quiet! hush!
37.
not so fast! stop!
Idioms
38.
be soft on someone, Informal. to be amorously inclined toward a person; have an affection for: He's been soft on her for years.

Origin:
before 1000; Middle English softe yielding, gentle, mild, Old English sōfte agreeable; cognate with German sanft

softly, adverb
softness, noun
oversoft, adjective
oversoftly, adverb
oversoftness, noun
supersoft, adjective
ultrasoft, adjective
ultrasoftly, adverb
ultrasoftness, noun
unsoft, adjective
unsoftly, adverb
unsoftness, noun


1. pliable, plastic, malleable. 5. mellifluous, dulcet, sweet. 10. tender, sympathetic. 11. mollifying. 15. weak, feeble. 17. compliant, irresolute, submissive.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
soft (sɒft)
 
adj
1.  easy to dent, work, or cut without shattering; malleable
2.  not hard; giving little or no resistance to pressure or weight
3.  fine, light, smooth, or fluffy to the touch
4.  gentle; tranquil
5.  (of music, sounds, etc) low and pleasing
6.  (of light, colour, etc) not excessively bright or harsh
7.  (of a breeze, climate, etc) temperate, mild, or pleasant
8.  dialect drizzly or rainy: a soft day; the weather has turned soft
9.  slightly blurred; not sharply outlined: soft focus
10.  (of a diet) consisting of easily digestible foods
11.  kind or lenient, often excessively so
12.  easy to influence or impose upon
13.  prepared to compromise; not doctrinaire: the soft left
14.  informal feeble or silly; simple (often in the phrase soft in the head)
15.  unable to endure hardship, esp through too much pampering
16.  physically out of condition; flabby: soft muscles
17.  loving; tender: soft words
18.  informal requiring little exertion; easy: a soft job
19.  chem (of water) relatively free of mineral salts and therefore easily able to make soap lather
20.  Compare hard (of a drug such as cannabis) nonaddictive or only mildly addictive
21.  (of news coverage) concentrating on trivial stories or those with human interest
22.  phonetics
 a.  an older word for lenis
 b.  (not in technical usage) denoting the consonants c and g in English when they are pronounced as palatal or alveolar fricatives or affricates (s, //, //, //, //) before e and i, rather than as velar stops (k, g)
 c.  (in the Slavonic languages) palatalized before a front vowel or a special character (soft sign) written as ƃ
23.  a.  unprotected against attack: a soft target
 b.  military unarmoured, esp as applied to a truck by comparison with a tank
24.  chiefly (US) finance (of prices, a market, etc) unstable and tending to decline
25.  (of a currency) in relatively little demand, esp because of a weak balance of payments situation
26.  (of radiation, such as X-rays and ultraviolet radiation) having low energy and not capable of deep penetration of materials
27.  physics (of valves or tubes) only partially evacuated
28.  related to the performance of non-specific, undefinable tasks: soft skills such as customer services and office support
29.  soft on, soft about
 a.  gentle, sympathetic, or lenient towards
 b.  feeling affection or infatuation for
 
adv
30.  in a soft manner: to speak soft
 
n
31.  a soft object, part, or piece
32.  informal See softie
 
interj
33.  quiet!
34.  wait!
 
[Old English sōfte; related to Old Saxon sāfti, Old High German semfti gentle]
 
'softly
 
adv

softness (ˈsɒftnɪs)
 
n
1.  the quality or an instance of being soft
2.  metallurgy brittleness See toughness the tendency of a metal to distort easily

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

soft
O.E. softe "gentle, easy, comfortable," from W.Gmc. *samfti, from P.Gmc. *samftijaz "level, even, smooth, gentle, soft" (cf. O.S. safti, O.H.G. semfti, Ger. sanft, M.Du. sachte, Du. zacht), from base *som- "fitting, agreeable." Sense of "causing little hardship or suffering" attested from c.1200. Of
sounds, from mid-13c. Meaning "foolish, simple, silly" is attested from 1620s. Adjective soft core (in ref. to pornography) is from 1966. Soft rock as a music style is attested from 1969. Soft sell is from 1955. Soft-shoe as a dancing style is attested from 1927. Soft-hearted first recorded 1590s.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Abbreviations & Acronyms
SOFT
Society of Forensic Toxicologists
The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences for softness
The softness of the palatalized consonants is always indicated in writing in bulgarian.
This softness makes it very easy to remove from the quarry and cut into shape.
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