somersault

[suhm-er-sawlt]
noun
1.
an acrobatic movement, either forward or backward, in which the body rolls end over end, making a complete revolution.
2.
such a movement performed in the air as part of a dive, tumbling routine, etc.
3.
a complete overturn or reversal, as of opinion.
verb (used without object)
4.
to perform a somersault.
Also, somerset [suhm-er-set] , summersault, summerset.


Origin:
1520–30; < Middle French sombresaut, alteration of sobresault; compare Old Provençal sobre over (< Latin super), saut a leap (< Latin saltus)

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World English Dictionary
somersault or summersault (ˈsʌməˌsɔːlt)
 
n
1.  a.  a forward roll in which the head is placed on the ground and the trunk and legs are turned over it
 b.  a similar roll in a backward direction
2.  an acrobatic feat in which either of these rolls are performed in midair, as in diving or gymnastics
3.  a complete reversal of opinion, policy, etc
 
vb
4.  (intr) to perform a somersault
 
[C16: from Old French soubresault, probably from Old Provençal sobresaut, from sobre over (from Latin super) + saut a jump, leap (from Latin saltus)]
 
summersault or summersault
 
n
 
vb
 
[C16: from Old French soubresault, probably from Old Provençal sobresaut, from sobre over (from Latin super) + saut a jump, leap (from Latin saltus)]

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

somersault
1530, from M.Fr. sombresault, from O.Prov. sobresaut, from sobre "over" (from L. supra "over") + saut "a jump," from L. saltus, from the root of salire "to leap" (see salient). Sometimes further corrupted to somerset, etc.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Mine is a graceful somersault that disengages both of my skis and leaves me
  floating in the white.
Choose to jump with someone else, somersault off the bridge, jump forwards or
  even topple backwards off the bridge.
Even a swell would substantially increases the risk of a somersault or the tail
  breaking off.
Then he advances toward her, leaping and doing a somersault, only to be pushed
  away.
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