[sof-uh-mawr, -mohr; sof-mawr, -mohr]
a student in the second year of high school or college.
a person or group in the second year of any endeavor: He's a sophomore on Wall Street.
of or pertaining to a sophomore.
of or being a second effort or second version: Their sophomore album was even better than their first.

1645–55; earlier sophumer, probably equivalent to sophum sophism + -er1

presophomore, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
sophomore (ˈsɒfəˌmɔː)
1.  chiefly (US), (Canadian) a second-year student at a secondary (high) school or college
2.  (of a book, recording, etc by an artist) second: her sophomore album
[C17: perhaps from earlier sophumer, from sophum, variant of sophism + -er1]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1688, "student in the second year of university study," lit. "arguer," altered from sophumer (1653, from sophume, archaic variant form of sophism), probably by influence of folk etymology derivation from Gk. sophos "wise" + moros "foolish, dull." Short form soph is attested
from 1778. Sophomoric "characteristic of a sophomore" (regarded as self-assured and opinionated but crude and immature) is attested from 1837.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Glee's sophomore season started off strong with a snappy, fast-paced episode focused on reestablishing the status quo.
As a result students were having trouble making the transition from sophomore to junior year, and some were leaving school.
The behavioral experiments at the base of this work wouldn't, in principle, surprise a tyro in sophomore biology.
Even if you never remember the topic for your sophomore history paper, you will get better from the experience of writing it.
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