sorrow

[sor-oh, sawr-oh]
noun
1.
distress caused by loss, affliction, disappointment, etc.; grief, sadness, or regret.
2.
a cause or occasion of grief or regret, as an affliction, a misfortune, or trouble: His first sorrow was the bank failure.
3.
the expression of grief, sadness, disappointment, or the like: muffled sorrow.
verb (used without object)
4.
to feel sorrow; grieve.

Origin:
before 900; (noun) Middle English; Old English sorg; cognate with German Sorge, Dutch zorg, Old Norse sorg, Gothic saurga; (v.) Middle English sorwen, Old English sorgian; cognate with Old High German sorgôn

sorrower, noun
sorrowless, adjective
unsorrowing, adjective


1. Sorrow, distress, grief, misery, woe imply bitter suffering, especially as caused by loss or misfortune. Sorrow is the most general term. Grief is keen suffering, especially for a particular reason. Distress implies anxiety, anguish, or acute suffering caused by the pressure of trouble or adversity. Misery suggests such great and unremitting pain or wretchedness of body or mind as crushes the spirit. Woe is deep or inconsolable grief or misery. 2. adversity. 4. mourn, lament.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
sorrow (ˈsɒrəʊ)
 
n
1.  the characteristic feeling of sadness, grief, or regret associated with loss, bereavement, sympathy for another's suffering, for an injury done, etc
2.  a particular cause or source of regret, grief, etc
3.  Also called: sorrowing the outward expression of grief or sadness
 
vb
4.  (intr) to mourn or grieve
 
[Old English sorg; related to Old Norse sorg, Gothic saurga, Old High German sworga]
 
'sorrower
 
n
 
'sorrowful
 
adj
 
'sorrowfully
 
adv
 
'sorrowfulness
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

sorrow
O.E. sorg "grief, regret, trouble, care," from P.Gmc. *surgo (cf. O.S. sorga, O.N. sorg, M.Du. sorghe, Du. zorg, O.H.G. soraga, Ger. sorge, Goth. saurga), perhaps from PIE *swergh- (cf. Skt. surksati "cares for," Lith. sergu "to be sick," O.C.S. sraga "sickness," O.Ir. serg "sickness"). The verb is O.E.
sorgian.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Idioms & Phrases

sorrow

see drown one's sorrows; more in sorrow than in anger.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer.
Copyright © 1997. Published by Houghton Mifflin.
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Example sentences
Some fervent believers cut their heads with the flat edge of swords to show
  their grief and sorrow.
Get into the experience of when these things happen, when your heart is full of
  sorrow and sympathy-do it.
She left and hanged herself in one of the huts, not out of sorrow but to
  revenge herself by haunting her disloyal lover.
The loss of his journals had caused him even more sorrow than his retirement
  from the military six years earlier.
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