spandrel

[span-druhl]
noun
1.
Architecture. an area between the extradoses of two adjoining arches, or between the extrados of an arch and a perpendicular through the extrados at the springing line.
2.
(in a steel-framed building) a panellike area between the head of a window on one level and the sill of a window immediately above.
3.
Philately. the decoration occupying the space at the corner of a stamp between the border and an oval or circular central design.
Also, spandril.


Origin:
1470–80; earlier spaundrell, probably < Anglo-French spaundre, itself perhaps cognate with Old French espandre to expand

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World English Dictionary
spandrel or spandril (ˈspændrəl)
 
n
1.  an approximately triangular surface bounded by the outer curve of an arch and the adjacent wall
2.  the surface area between two adjacent arches and the horizontal cornice above them
 
[C15 spaundrell, from Anglo-French spaundre spandrel, from Old French spandre to spread, expand]
 
spandril or spandril
 
n
 
[C15 spaundrell, from Anglo-French spaundre spandrel, from Old French spandre to spread, expand]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

spandrel
1477, "triangular space between the outer curves of an arch," apparently a diminutive of Anglo-Fr. spaundre (1395), perhaps aphetic of espandre "to expand, extend," from L. expandre (see expand).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
It features a tapered arch ring, which is cast integrally with the plain-faced
  concrete spandrel walls.
Poured concrete, open spandrel arch bridge, one of two in the state.
The bridge is a ten-span poured concrete, open spandrel structure.
Although it is in fact a closed spandrel arch, it has a graceful blind arcade
  to imitate an open spandrel arch.
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