Word Origin & History
"Ger. Bolshevik of November 1918 uprising," 1919, from Ger. Spartakist, from Spartacus (d.71 B.C.E.), Thracian leader of Roman Servile War (73-71 B.C.E.), the name adopted 1916 as a pseudonym by Karl Liebknecht in his political tracts, and extended to the socialist revolutionary group he founded with
Rosa Luxemburg and Franz Mehring.