Spartacist

World English Dictionary
Spartacist (ˈspɑːtəsɪst)
 
n
a member of a group of German radical socialists formed in 1916 and in 1919 becoming the German Communist Party, led by Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg
 
[C20: from the pen name Spartacus adopted by Karl Liebknecht]

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Spartacist
"Ger. Bolshevik of November 1918 uprising," 1919, from Ger. Spartakist, from Spartacus (d.71 B.C.E.), Thracian leader of Roman Servile War (73-71 B.C.E.), the name adopted 1916 as a pseudonym by Karl Liebknecht in his political tracts, and extended to the socialist revolutionary group he founded with
Rosa Luxemburg and Franz Mehring.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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