Spartan

[spahr-tn]
adjective
1.
Also, Spartanic [spahr-tan-ik] . of or pertaining to Sparta or its people.
2.
suggestive of the ancient Spartans; sternly disciplined and rigorously simple, frugal, or austere.
3.
brave; undaunted.
noun
4.
a native or inhabitant of Sparta.
5.
a person of Spartan characteristics.

Origin:
1375–1425; late Middle English < Latin Spartānus, equivalent to Spart(a) Sparta (< Doric Greek Spártā) + -ānus -an

Spartanism, noun
Spartanly, Spartanically, adverb
non-Spartan, adjective, noun


1. See austere.
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World English Dictionary
Spartan (ˈspɑːtən)
 
adj
1.  of or relating to Sparta or its citizens
2.  (sometimes not capital) very strict or austere: a Spartan upbringing
3.  (sometimes not capital) possessing courage and resolve
 
n
4.  a citizen of Sparta
5.  (sometimes not capital) a disciplined or brave person
6.  a Canadian variety of eating apple
 
'Spartanism
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Spartan
early 15c., "of or pertaining to the classical Gk. city of Sparta," from Sparta capital of Laconia, famed for severity of its social order, the frugality of its people, the valor of its army, and the brevity of its speech. Meaning "characterized by frugality or courage" is from 1640s.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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