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sparteine

[spahr-tee-een, -in] /ˈspɑr tiˌin, -ɪn/
noun
1.
a bitter, poisonous, liquid alkaloid obtained from certain species of broom, especially Cytisus scoparius, used in medicine to stimulate the heart and also the uterine muscles in childbirth.
Origin
1850-1855
1850-55; irregular < New Latin Sparti(um) name of a genus of broom (< Greek spárt(os) kind of broom + New Latin -ium -ium) + -ine1
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for sparteine

sparteine

/ˈspɑːtɪˌiːn; -ɪn/
noun
1.
a viscous oily alkaloid extracted from the broom plant and lupin seeds. It has been used in medicine to treat heart arrhythmias
Word Origin
C19: from New Latin Spartium, from Greek spartos broom
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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