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spasm

[spaz-uh m] /ˈspæz əm/
noun
1.
Pathology. a sudden, abnormal, involuntary muscular contraction, consisting of a continued muscular contraction (tonic spasm) or of a series of alternating muscular contractions and relaxations (clonic spasm)
2.
any sudden, brief spell of great energy, activity, feeling, etc.
Origin of spasm
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English spasme < Latin spasmus < Greek spasmós convulsion, derivative of spân to draw a sword or cord, wrench (off), convulse
Synonyms
2. fit, storm, flash, spurt.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for spasm

spasm

/ˈspæzəm/
noun
1.
an involuntary muscular contraction, esp one resulting in cramp or convulsion
2.
a sudden burst of activity, emotion, etc
Word Origin
C14: from Latin spasmus, from Greek spasmos a cramp, from span to tear
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for spasm
n.

c.1400, from Old French spasme, from Latin spasmus "a spasm," from Greek spasmos "a spasm, convulsion," from span "draw up, tear away, contract violently, pull," from PIE *spe- "stretch." Figurative sense of "a sudden convulsion" (of emotion, politics, etc.) is attested from 1817.

v.

1900, from spasm (n.). Related: Spasmed; spasming.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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spasm in Medicine

spasm (spāz'əm)
n.

  1. A sudden involuntary contraction of a muscle or group of muscles.

  2. A muscle spasm.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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9
11
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