spavin

spavin

[spav-in]
noun Veterinary Pathology.
1.
a disease of the hock joint of horses in which enlargement occurs because of collected fluids (bog spavin) bony growth (bone spavin) or distention of the veins (blood spavin)
2.
an excrescence or enlargement so formed.

Origin:
1400–50; late Middle English spaveyne < Old French (e)spavain, esparvain swelling < ?

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World English Dictionary
spavin (ˈspævɪn)
 
n
vet science enlargement of the hock of a horse by a bony growth (bony spavin) or fluid accumulation in the joint (bog spavin), usually caused by inflammation or injury, and often resulting in lameness
 
[C15: from Old French espavin, of unknown origin]

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

spavin
disease of the hock joint of a horse, 1426, from M.Fr. espavain, probably from Frank. *sparwan "sparrow" (see sparrow), so called perhaps from comparison of the bird's awkward gait to that of a horse affected with spavin.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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