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special

[spesh-uh l] /ˈspɛʃ əl/
adjective
1.
of a distinct or particular kind or character:
a special kind of key.
2.
being a particular one; particular, individual, or certain:
You'd better call the special number.
3.
pertaining or peculiar to a particular person, thing, instance, etc.; distinctive; unique:
the special features of a plan.
4.
having a specific or particular function, purpose, etc.:
a special messenger.
5.
distinguished or different from what is ordinary or usual:
a special occasion; to fix something special.
6.
extraordinary; exceptional, as in amount or degree; especial:
special importance.
7.
being such in an exceptional degree; particularly valued:
a special friend.
8.
pertaining to people with singular needs or disabilities, or to their education:
disabled students with special needs; state funding for special schools.
noun
9.
a special person or thing.
10.
a train used for a particular purpose, occasion, or the like.
11.
a special edition of a newspaper.
12.
Theater. a spotlight reserved for a particular area, property, actor, etc.:
Give me the coffin special.
13.
a temporary, arbitrary reduction in the price of regularly stocked goods, especially food; a particularly worthwhile offer or price:
The special this week is on sirloin steaks.
14.
Television. a single program not forming part of a regular series.
Origin
1175-1225
1175-1225; Middle English (adj.) < Latin speciālis of a given species, equivalent to speci(ēs) species + -ālis -al1; see especial
Related forms
specially, adverb
interspecial, adjective
nonspecial, adjective, noun
nonspecially, adverb
superspecial, adjective, noun
Can be confused
especially, specially, specialty (see synonym study at especially)
Synonyms
5. singular. Special, particular, specific refer to something pointed out for attention and consideration. Special means given unusual treatment because of being uncommon: a special sense of a word. Particular implies something selected from the others of its kind and set off from them for attention: a particular variety of orchid. Specific implies plain and unambiguous indication of a particular instance, example, etc.: a specific instance of cowardice.
Antonyms
1. general.
Usage note
In American English the adjective special is overwhelmingly more common than especial in all senses: He will be of special help if you can't understand the documentation. The reverse is true of the adverbs; here especially is by far the more common: He will be of great help, especially if you have trouble understanding the documentation. Only when the sense “specifically” is intended is specially more idiomatic: The machine was specially designed for use by a left-handed operator.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for specially
  • They put a specially reinforced jumbo-sized mirror into the elephants' enclosure.
  • Each edition is specially adapted reflect the lives and cultures of kids living in that area.
  • Researchers say that a specially designed device should be able to draw power from a strong magnetic field permeating a room.
  • The genes specially selected from the spiders are the silk-making genes.
  • Some application procedures can take a long time, specially from overseas.
  • Polyurethane and a five-millimeter-thick silicone skin, soft and specially colored, cover a metal skeleton.
  • The program provides participants with specially formatted links and photos, which they can include on their websites or blogs.
  • My dogs are specially bred for incontinence, copious shedding, and body odor.
  • It was a specially processed form of ground charcoal.
  • Dealing specially with the origin of plays and with the first actors, he began by defining a play.
British Dictionary definitions for specially

special

/ˈspɛʃəl/
adjective
1.
distinguished, set apart from, or excelling others of its kind
2.
(prenominal) designed or reserved for a particular purpose a special tool for working leather
3.
not usual or commonplace
4.
(prenominal) particular or primary his special interest was music
5.
denoting or relating to the education of physically or mentally handicapped children a special school
noun
6.
a special person or thing, such as an extra edition of a newspaper or a train reserved for a particular purpose
7.
a dish or meal given prominence, esp at a low price, in a café, etc
8.
(Austral, history, slang) a convict given special treatment on account of his education, social class, etc
9.
short for special constable
10.
(Austral & NZ, US & Canadian, informal) an item in a store that is advertised at a reduced price; a loss leader
verb (transitive) -cials, -cialling, -cialled
11.
(NZ, informal) to advertise and sell (an item) at a reduced price we are specialling butter this week
Derived Forms
specially, adverb
specialness, noun
Word Origin
C13: from Old French especial, from Latin speciālis individual, special, from speciēs appearance, species
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for specially

special

adj.

early 13c., "better than ordinary," from Old French especial, from Latin specialis "individual, particular," from species "appearance, kind, sort" (see species). Meaning "marked off from others by some distinguishing quality" is recorded from c.1300. In Middle English, also as a noun meaning "sweetheart, lover." Meaning "special train" is attested from 1866. Special effects first attested 1951. Special interests in U.S. political sense is from 1910. Special pleading first recorded 1680s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for specially

special

Related Terms

the red-eye, saturday night special


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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16
19
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