specific

[spi-sif-ik]
adjective
1.
having a special application, bearing, or reference; specifying, explicit, or definite: to state one's specific purpose.
2.
specified, precise, or particular: a specific sum of money.
3.
peculiar or proper to somebody or something, as qualities, characteristics, effects, etc.: His specific problems got him into trouble.
4.
of a special or particular kind.
5.
concerned specifically with the item or subject named (used in combination): The Secretary addressed himself to crop-specific problems.
6.
Biology. of or pertaining to a species: specific characters.
7.
Medicine/Medical.
a.
(of a disease) produced by a special cause or infection.
b.
(of a remedy) having special effect in the prevention or cure of a certain disease.
8.
Immunology. (of an antibody or antigen) having a particular effect on only one antibody or antigen or affecting it in only one way.
9.
Commerce. noting customs or duties levied in fixed amounts per unit, as number, weight, or volume.
10.
Physics.
a.
designating a physical constant that, for a particular substance, is expressed as the ratio of the quantity in the substance to the quantity in an equal volume of a standard substance, as water or air.
b.
designating a physical constant that expresses a property or effect as a quantity per unit length, area, volume, or mass.
noun
11.
something specific, as a statement, quality, detail, etc.
12.
Medicine/Medical. a specific remedy: There is no specific for the common cold.

Origin:
1625–35; < Medieval Latin specificus, equivalent to Latin speci(ēs) species + -ficus -fic

specifically, adverb
nonspecifically, adverb
prespecific, adjective
prespecifically, adverb
unspecific, adjective
unspecifically, adverb


1. See special.


2. vague.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
specific (spɪˈsɪfɪk)
 
adj
1.  explicit, particular, or definite: please be more specific
2.  relating to a specified or particular thing: a specific treatment for arthritis
3.  of or relating to a biological species: specific differences
4.  (of a disease) caused by a particular pathogenic agent
5.  physics
 a.  characteristic of a property of a particular substance, esp in relation to the same property of a standard reference substance: specific gravity
 b.  characteristic of a property of a particular substance per unit mass, length, area, volume, etc: specific heat
 c.  (of an extensive physical quantity) divided by mass: specific heat capacity; specific volume
6.  commerce Also (rare): specifical denoting a tariff levied at a fixed sum per unit of weight, quantity, volume, etc, irrespective of value
 
n
7.  (sometimes plural) a designated quality, thing, etc
8.  med any drug used to treat a particular disease
 
[C17: from Medieval Latin specificus, from Latin species]
 
spe'cifically
 
adv
 
specificity
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

specific
1630s, "having a special quality," from Fr. spécifique, from L.L. specificus "constituting a species," from L. species "kind, sort" (see species). Earlier form was specifical (early 15c.). Meaning "definite, precise" first recorded 1740.

specific
c.1300, from O.Fr. specifier (13c.), from L.L. specificare "mention particularly," from specifus (see specific).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

specific spe·cif·ic (spĭ-sĭf'ĭk)
adj.

  1. Relating to, characterizing, or distinguishing a species.

  2. Intended for, applying to, or acting on a specified thing.

  3. Designating a disease produced by a particular microorganism or condition.

  4. Having a remedial influence or effect on a particular disease.

  5. In immunology, having an affinity limited to a particular antibody or antigen.

n.
A remedy intended for a particular ailment or disorder.
spe·cif'i·cal·ly adv.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
It helps to look at culture instead of at specific countries.
The process of moving from the specific to the general is both necessary and
  perilous.
The flutes answer with a supple ascending line, requesting that the horns be
  more specific.
As your vocabulary becomes more specific, more useful, it also becomes less
  inclusive.
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