speech act

noun Philosophy, Linguistics.
any of the acts that may be performed by a speaker in making an utterance, as stating, asking, requesting, advising, warning, or persuading, considered in terms of the content of the message, the intention of the speaker, and the effect on the listener.
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World English Dictionary
speech act
 
n
1.  an utterance that constitutes some act in addition to the mere act of uttering
2.  an act or type of act capable of being so performed

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Example sentences
Consistent with speech act theory, participants recognized the speech acts that speakers performed with their utterances.
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