|spikenard (ˈspaɪknɑːd, ˈspaɪkəˌnɑːd)|
|1.||an aromatic Indian valerianaceous plant, Nardostachys jatamans, having rose-purple flowers|
|2.||an aromatic ointment obtained from this plant|
|3.||any of various similar or related plants|
|4.||a North American araliaceous plant, Aralia racemosa, having small green flowers and an aromatic root|
|[C14: from Medieval Latin spīca nardī; see |
(Heb. nerd), a much-valued perfume (Cant. 1:12; 4:13, 14). It was "very precious", i.e., very costly (Mark 14:3; John 12:3,5). It is the root of an Indian plant, the Nardostachys jatamansi, of the family of Valeriance, growing on the Himalaya mountains. It is distinguished by its having many hairy spikes shooting out from one root. It is called by the Arabs sunbul Hindi, "the Indian spike." In the New Testament this word is the rendering of the Greek nardos pistike. The margin of the Revised Version in these passages has "pistic nard," pistic being perhaps a local name. Some take it to mean genuine, and others liquid. The most probable opinion is that the word pistike designates the nard as genuine or faithfully prepared.
(Aralia racemosa), North American member of the ginseng family (Araliaceae) of the order Cornales, characterized by large spicy-smelling roots. It grows 3.5 m (11 feet) tall and has leaves divided into three heart-shaped parts. The flowers are grouped into numerous clusters at the end of the central stem
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