spiritual

[spir-i-choo-uhl]
adjective
1.
of, pertaining to, or consisting of spirit; incorporeal.
2.
of or pertaining to the spirit or soul, as distinguished from the physical nature: a spiritual approach to life.
3.
closely akin in interests, attitude, outlook, etc.: the professor's spiritual heir in linguistics.
4.
of or pertaining to spirits or to spiritualists; supernatural or spiritualistic.
5.
characterized by or suggesting predominance of the spirit; ethereal or delicately refined: She is more of a spiritual type than her rowdy brother.
6.
of or pertaining to the spirit as the seat of the moral or religious nature.
7.
of or pertaining to sacred things or matters; religious; devotional; sacred.
8.
of or belonging to the church; ecclesiastical: lords spiritual and temporal.
9.
of or relating to the mind or intellect.
noun
10.
a spiritual or religious song: authentic folk spirituals.
11.
spirituals, affairs of the church.
12.
a spiritual thing or matter.

Origin:
1275–1325; Middle English < Medieval Latin spīrituālis, equivalent to Latin spīritu- (stem of spīritus spirit) + -ālis -al1

spiritually, adverb
spiritualness, noun
antispiritual, adjective
antispiritually, adverb
nonspiritual, adjective, noun
nonspiritually, adverb
nonspiritualness, noun
pseudospiritual, adjective
pseudospiritually, adverb
quasi-spiritual, adjective
quasi-spiritually, adverb
superspiritual, adjective
superspiritually, adverb
unspiritual, adjective
unspiritually, adverb

spirited, spiritual, spiritualistic.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To spirituals
Collins
World English Dictionary
spiritual (ˈspɪrɪtjʊəl)
 
adj
1.  relating to the spirit or soul and not to physical nature or matter; intangible
2.  of, relating to, or characteristic of sacred things, the Church, religion, etc
3.  standing in a relationship based on communication between the souls or minds of the persons involved: a spiritual father
4.  having a mind or emotions of a high and delicately refined quality
 
n
5.  See Negro spiritual
6.  (often plural) the sphere of religious, spiritual, or ecclesiastical matters, or such matters in themselves
7.  the spiritual the realm of spirits
 
'spiritually
 
adv
 
'spiritualness
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

spiritual
"of or concerning the spirit" (especially in religious aspects), c.1300, from O.Fr. spirituel (12c.), from L. spiritualis, from spiritus "of breathing, of the spirit" (see spirit). Meaning "of or concerning the church" is attested from mid-14c. The noun sense of "African-American
religious song" first recorded 1866. Spirituality (early 15c.) is from M.Fr. spiritualite, from L.L. spiritualitatem (nom. spiritualitas), from L. spiritualis). An earlier form was spiritualty (late 14c.).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

spirituals definition


Religious songs of African-Americans, often written with freer rhythms and harmonies than most standard hymns. Spirituals, many of which go back to the days of slavery, often speak of biblical models of deliverance, like the Exodus. Some well-known spirituals are “Gonna Lay Down My Burden,” “Joshua Fit the Battle of Jericho,” “Nobody Knows the Trouble I've Seen,” “Swing Low, Sweet Chariot,” and “When the Saints Go Marching In.”

spirituals definition


A kind of religious song originated by African-Americans. Spirituals are often written with freer rhythms and harmonies than most standard hymns. Many of them go back to the days of slavery, and they often speak of biblical models of deliverance, such as the Exodus. Several spirituals have become standard pieces of music for concert singers and choruses. “Gonna Lay Down My Burden,” “Joshua Fit the Battle of Jericho,” “Nobody Knows the Trouble I've Seen,” “Swing Low, Sweet Chariot,” and “When the Saints Go Marching In” are spirituals.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
In tune, stanza form, and text it resembles a number of spirituals.
However, they did so anyway, getting together to sing songs and spirituals.
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