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Denotation vs. Connotation

splay

[spley] /spleɪ/
verb (used with object)
1.
to spread out, expand, or extend.
2.
to form with an oblique angle; make slanting; bevel.
3.
to make with a splay or splays.
4.
to disjoin; dislocate.
verb (used without object)
5.
to have an oblique or slanting direction.
6.
to spread or flare.
noun
7.
Architecture. a surface that makes an oblique angle with another, as where the opening through a wall for a window or door widens from the window or door proper toward the face of the wall.
adjective
8.
spread out; wide and flat; turned outward.
9.
clumsy or awkward.
10.
oblique or awry.
Origin of splay
1300-1350
1300-50; Middle English; aphetic form of display
Related forms
unsplayed, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for splay
Historical Examples
  • The splay is sometimes slightly hollowed, sometimes, as in the Chora, worked to an ogee.

    Byzantine Churches in Constantinople Alexander Van Millingen
  • Like the jambs, the arch has a splay which is divided into small panels.

    Portuguese Architecture Walter Crum Watson
  • Internal cornices and string-courses are in marble, and are all of the same type, a splay and fillet.

    Byzantine Churches in Constantinople Alexander Van Millingen
  • No variation, no change; the art of it is to keep almost to the same groove, and not to make the figure broad and splay.

    The Hills and the Vale Richard Jefferies
  • The window in the east wall has its head and splay of a single stone.

    Romantic Ireland; volume 2/2 M.F and B. McM. Mansfield
  • A figure in the splay of the E. window has been carefully erased by some "conscientious objector."

    Somerset G.W. Wade and J.H. Wade
  • They are cut on the splay so that the front end is half the width of a header and one side half the length of the brick.

  • In Fig. 23, we see the Spatulate Hand, the special peculiarities of which are the straight, smooth fingers and the "splay" tips.

    How to Read Human Nature William Walker Atkinson
  • There is a triumphal arch and one blocked window in the apse, with mosaic on the splay of the jamb.

    The Shores of the Adriatic F. Hamilton Jackson
  • From the throat the sides diverge at an angle, called the splay, which depends upon the field of fire necessary.

British Dictionary definitions for splay

splay

/spleɪ/
adjective
1.
spread out; broad and flat
2.
turned outwards in an awkward manner
verb
3.
to spread out; turn out or expand
4.
(transitive) (vet science) to dislocate (a joint)
noun
5.
a surface of a wall that forms an oblique angle to the main flat surfaces, esp at a doorway or window opening
6.
enlargement
Word Origin
C14: short for display
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for splay
v.

"to spread out," early 14c., shortened form of desplayen (see display). Pp. adjective splayed "spread out" is attested from 1540s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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10
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