the act or an instance of plundering or despoiling.
authorized plundering of neutrals at sea in time of war.
Law. the destruction or material alteration of a bill of exchange, will, or the like.
the act of spoiling or damaging something.

1350–1400; Middle English < Latin spoliātiōn- (stem of spoliātiō), equivalent to spoliāt(us) (past participle of spoliāre to spoil; see -ate1) + -iōn- -ion

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World English Dictionary
spoliation (ˌspəʊlɪˈeɪʃən)
1.  the act or an instance of despoiling or plundering
2.  the authorized seizure or plundering of neutral vessels on the seas by a belligerent state in time of war
3.  law the material alteration of a document so as to render it invalid
4.  English ecclesiastical law the taking of the fruits of a benefice by a person not entitled to them
[C14: from Latin spoliātiō, from spoliāre to spoil]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

c.1400, from L. spoliationem (nom. spoliatio) "a robbing, plundering, pillaging," noun of action from spoliare "to plunder, rob" (see spoil).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Similarly, sanctions under this authority are warranted for spoliation of
The reflections on the spoliation of the monasteries consist of a string of
  shrewd observations.
Another cause for concern is the spoliation of our natural resources evidenced
  by the offshore oil legislation.
Spoliation has been the concomitant of war since earliest times.
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