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sprat

[sprat] /spræt/
noun, plural sprats (especially collectively) sprat for 1.
1.
a species of herring, Clupea sprattus, of the eastern North Atlantic.
2.
a small or inconsequential person or thing.
Origin
1590-1600
1590-1600; variant of earlier sprot, Middle English, Old English (cognate with German Sprott); apparently same word as Old English sprott sprout, twig (for the two meanings cf. sprag2); akin to Old English spryttan to sprout
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for sprat
  • Use water sprat, fog, or regular foam to fight large fires involving n-hexane.
British Dictionary definitions for sprat

sprat

/spræt/
noun
1.
a small marine food fish, Clupea sprattus, of the NE Atlantic Ocean and North Sea: family Clupeidae (herrings) See also brisling
2.
any of various small or young herrings
Word Origin
C16: variant of Old English sprott; related to Middle Low German sprott, Norwegian sprot small rod
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for sprat
n.

"small European herring," 1590s, variant of sprot, from Old English sprot "a small herring," related to Dutch sprot, and probably connected to sprout.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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