noun, plural sprats (especially collectively) sprat for 1.
a species of herring, Clupea sprattus, of the eastern North Atlantic.
a small or inconsequential person or thing.

1590–1600; variant of earlier sprot, Middle English, Old English (cognate with German Sprott); apparently same word as Old English sprott sprout, twig (for the two meanings cf. sprag2); akin to Old English spryttan to sprout

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World English Dictionary
sprat (spræt)
1.  See also brisling a small marine food fish, Clupea sprattus, of the NE Atlantic Ocean and North Sea: family Clupeidae (herrings)
2.  any of various small or young herrings
[C16: variant of Old English sprott; related to Middle Low German sprott, Norwegian sprot small rod]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

"small European herring," 1597, variant of sprot, from O.E. sprot "a small herring," related to Du. sprot, and probably connected to sprout.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Use water sprat, fog, or regular foam to fight large fires involving n-hexane.
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