verb (used without object)
to race or move at full speed, especially for a short distance, as in running, rowing, etc.
verb (used with object)
to traverse in sprinting: to sprint a half mile.
a short race at full speed.
a burst of speed at any point during a long race, as near the finish line.
a brief spell of great activity.

1560–70; perhaps continuing Old English *sprintan (compare gesprintan to emit); cognate with Old Norse spretta, Old High German sprinzan to jump up

sprinter, noun
outsprint, verb (used with object)
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
sprint (sprɪnt)
1.  athletics a short race run at top speed, such as the 100 metres
2.  a fast finishing speed at the end of a longer race, as in running or cycling, etc
3.  any quick run
4.  to go at top speed, as in running, cycling, etc
[C16: from Scandinavian; related to Old English gesprintan to emit, Old Norse spretta to jump up, Old High German sprinzan to jump up, Swedish sprata to kick]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1566, "to spring, dart," from O.N. spretta "to jump up." Meaning "to run a short distance at full speed" first recorded 1871. The noun is attested from 1865.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Computing Dictionary

SPRINT definition

List processing language involving stack operations. "SPRINT - A Direct Approach to List Processing Languages", C.A. Kapps, Proc SJCC 30 (1967). Sammet 1969, p 462.

The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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Encyclopedia Britannica


in bicycle racing, a competition over a 1,000-metre (1,094-yard) course (500-metre for women) with time taken only over the last 200 metres (219 yards).

Learn more about sprint with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
Regardless of who wins this sprint, the next race--to make sense of the
  genome--will be a marathon with many runners.
However, running at this speed requires a lot of energy, and the cheetah cannot
  keep up a sprint for long.
The last days of the journey became a sprint for the pole as both food and fuel
  began to run low.
The new multinationals have some distinct advantages in their sprint to the
  fore of global business.
Images for sprint
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