verb (used without object)
to begin to grow; shoot forth, as a plant from a seed.
(of a seed or plant) to put forth buds or shoots.
to develop or grow quickly: a boy awkwardly sprouting into manhood.
verb (used with object)
to cause to sprout.
to remove sprouts from: Sprout and boil the potatoes.
a shoot of a plant.
a new growth from a germinating seed, or from a rootstock, tuber, bud, or the like.
something resembling or suggesting a sprout, as in growth.
a young person; youth.
the young shoots of alfalfa, soybeans, etc., eaten as a raw vegetable.

1150–1200; (v.) Middle English spr(o)uten, Old English -sprūtan, in āsproten (past participle; see a-3); cognate with Middle Dutch sprūten, German spriessen to sprout; akin to Greek speírein to scatter; (noun) Middle English; compare Middle Dutch, Middle Low German sprute

nonsprouting, adjective
resprout, verb
undersprout, noun
undersprout, verb (used without object)
unsprouted, adjective
unsprouting, adjective

1. spring, bud, burgeon, develop.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
sprout (spraʊt)
vb (often foll by up)
1.  (of a plant, seed, etc) to produce (new leaves, shoots, etc)
2.  to begin to grow or develop: new office blocks are sprouting up all over the city
3.  a newly grown shoot or bud
4.  something that grows like a sprout
5.  See Brussels sprout
[Old English sprūtan; related to Middle High German sprūzen to sprout, Lettish sprausties to jostle]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

O.E. -sprutan (in asprutan "to sprout"), from P.Gmc. *spreutanan (cf. O.S. sprutan, O.Fris. spruta, M.Du. spruten, O.H.G. spriozan, Ger. spreissen "to sprout"), from PIE base *sper- "to strew" (cf. Gk. speirein "to scatter," spora "a scattering, sowing," sperma "sperm, seed," lit. "that which is scattered;"
O.E. spreawlian "to sprawl," -sprædan "to spread," spreot "pole;" Armenian sprem "scatter;" O.Lith. sprainas "staring;" Lett. spriezu "I span, I measure"). The noun is attested from c.1300.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences for sprout
Designed to sprout into an uncontrollable forest of destruction.
A commonly used alternative form is brussel sprout, whose plural is brussel sprouts.
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