Informal. a potato.
a spadelike instrument, especially one with a narrow blade, as for digging up or cutting the roots of weeds.
a chisellike tool for removing bark.
a pointed leg or stake for staying or supporting dredging or earth-boring machinery.
a short pipe, as for connecting a water pipe with a meter.
Surgery. an instrument having a dull flattened blade for removing substances or foreign bodies from certain parts of the body, as wax from the ear.
verb (used with object), spudded, spudding.
to remove with a spud.
Verb phrases
spud in, to set up earth-boring equipment, especially for drilling an oil well.

1400–50; late Middle English spudde short knife < ?

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
spud (spʌd)
1.  an informal word for potato
2.  a narrow-bladed spade for cutting roots, digging up weeds, etc
3.  Also called: spudder a tool, resembling a chisel, for removing bark from trees
vb , spuds, spudding, spudded
4.  (tr) to remove (bark) or eradicate (weeds) with a spud
5.  (intr) to drill the first foot of an oil-well
[C15 spudde short knife, of unknown origin; applied later to a digging tool, and hence to a potato]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

c.1440 "small or poor knife," of uncertain origin probably related to Dan. spyd, O.N. spjot "spear," Ger. Spiess "spear, lance"). Meaning "spade" is from 1667; sense of "short or stumpy person or thing" is from 1687; that of "potato" is first recorded 1845 in New Zealand English.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

spud (spŭd)
A blunt triangular knife used for removing foreign bodies from the cornea.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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