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stadia1

[stey-dee-uh] /ˈsteɪ di ə/
noun
1.
a method of surveying in which distances are read by noting the interval on a graduated rod intercepted by two parallel cross hairs (stadia hairs or stadia wires) mounted in the telescope of a surveying instrument, the rod being placed at one end of the distance to be measured and the surveying instrument at the other.
adjective
2.
pertaining to such a method of surveying.
Origin
1860-1865
1860-65; probably special use of stadia2

stadia2

[stey-dee-uh] /ˈsteɪ di ə/
noun
1.
a plural of stadium.

stadium

[stey-dee-uh m] /ˈsteɪ di əm/
noun, plural stadiums, stadia
[stey-dee-uh] /ˈsteɪ di ə/ (Show IPA)
1.
a sports arena, usually oval or horseshoe-shaped, with tiers of seats for spectators.
2.
an ancient Greek course for foot races, typically semicircular, with tiers of seats for spectators.
3.
an ancient Greek and Roman unit of length, the Athenian unit being equal to about 607 feet (185 meters).
4.
a stage in a process or in the life of an organism.
5.
Entomology, stage (def 11b).
Origin
1350-1400; Middle English < Latin < Greek stádion unit of distance, racecourse
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for stadia
  • He shifted to the left and stood the stadia rod straight to register his position for the survey laser on the tripod below.
  • To date, they have rarely leveraged this potential, instead subsidizing unnecessary business relocations and stadia building.
  • When spring darkens the great auditoriums, it also throws open the stadia and amphitheatres which now dot the country.
  • Biologist holding stadia rod in middle foreground is obscured by mature plants.
  • Measurement data will provide the basis for determining the number of stadia in the life history of the important species.
  • As far as is known there are five larval stadia, the last of which either pupates or goes into diapause.
  • Typical examples of periodic special generators are convention centers, stadia and arenas, and fairs and festivals.
  • No one knows for sure what the stadia that he used is in today's units.
  • If mounted in or on a vertical surface, the bolt head must have enough stick-out to permit a stadia rod to be rested on it.
British Dictionary definitions for stadia

stadia1

/ˈsteɪdɪə/
noun
1.
  1. tacheometry that makes use of a telescopic surveying instrument and a graduated staff calibrated to correspond with the distance from the observer
  2. (as modifier): stadia surveying
2.
the two parallel cross hairs or stadia hairs in the eyepiece of the instrument used
3.
the staff used
Word Origin
C19: probably from stadia²

stadia2

/ˈsteɪdɪə/
noun
1.
a plural of stadium

stadium

/ˈsteɪdɪəm/
noun (pl) -diums, -dia (-dɪə)
1.
a sports arena with tiered seats for spectators
2.
(in ancient Greece) a course for races, usually located between two hills providing natural slopes for tiers of seats
3.
an ancient Greek measure of length equivalent to about 607 feet or 184 metres
4.
(in many arthropods) the interval between two consecutive moultings
5.
(obsolete) a particular period or stage in the development of a disease
Word Origin
C16: via Latin from Greek stadion, changed from spadion a racecourse, from spān to pull; also influenced by Greek stadios steady
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for stadia

stadium

n.

late 14c., "a foot race, an ancient measure of length," from Latin stadium "a measure of length, a race course" (commonly one-eighth of a Roman mile; translated in early English Bibles by furlong), from Greek stadion "a measure of length, a running track," especially the track at Olympia, which was one stadium in length.

The Greek word might literally mean "fixed standard of length" (from stadios "firm, fixed," from PIE root *sta- "to stand"), or it may be from spadion, from span "to draw up, pull," with form influenced by stadios.

The meaning "running track," recorded in English from c.1600, was extended to mean in modern-day context "large, open oval structure with tiers of seats for viewing sporting events" (1834).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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