stamina

1 [stam-uh-nuh]
noun
strength of physical constitution; power to endure disease, fatigue, privation, etc.

Origin:
1535–45; < Latin, plural of stāmen thread (see stamen); i.e., the life-threads spun by the Fates

Dictionary.com Unabridged

stamina

2 [stam-uh-nuh]
noun
a plural of stamen.

stamen

[stey-muhn]
noun, plural stamens, stamina [stam-uh-nuh] . Botany.
the pollen-bearing organ of a flower, consisting of the filament and the anther.

Origin:
1640–50; < Latin stāmen warp in upright loom, thread, filament, equivalent to stā(re) to stand + -men noun suffix; akin to Greek stḗmōn warp, Sanskrit sthāman place

stamened, adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
stamen (ˈsteɪmɛn)
 
n , pl stamens, stamina
the male reproductive organ of a flower, consisting of a stalk (filament) bearing an anther in which pollen is produced
 
[C17: from Latin: the warp in an upright loom, from stāre to stand]
 
staminal
 
adj
 
staminiferous
 
adj

stamina1 (ˈstæmɪnə)
 
n
enduring energy, strength, and resilience
 
[C19: identical with stamina² from Latin stāmen thread, hence the threads of life spun out by the Fates, hence energy, etc]
 
'staminal1
 
adj

stamina2 (ˈstæmɪnə)
 
n
a plural of stamen

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

stamen
"pollen-bearing organ of a flower," 1668, from Mod.L. (1625, Spigelus), from L. stamen "stamen" (Pliny), lit. "thread of the warp" in the upright loom (related to stare "to stand"), from PIE *sta-men- (cf. Gk. stemon "warp," also used by Hesychius for some part of a plant, Goth. stoma, Skt. sthaman
"place," also "strength"), from base *sta- "to stand" (see stet).

stamina
1676, "rudiments or original elements of something," from L. stamina "threads," pl. of stamen (gen. staminis) "thread, warp" (see stamen). Sense of "power to resist or recover, strength, endurance" first recorded 1726 (originally pl.), from earlier meaning "congenital vital
capacities of a person or animal," also in part from L. application to the threads spun by the Fates to determine the length and course of one's life, and partly from a fig. use of L. stamen "the warp (of cloth)" on the notion of the warp as the "foundation" of a fabric.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
stamen  [%PREMIUM_LINK%]     (stā'mən)  Pronunciation Key 
Plural stamens or stamina (stā'mə-nə, stām'ə-)
The male reproductive organ of a flower, consisting of a filament and a pollen-bearing anther at its tip. See more at anther, flower.

The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
stamen [(stay-muhn)]

The organ of a flower on which the pollen grows.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Out in the hot, dusty desert, these wild horses develop incredible strength and
  stamina.
Helps people with chronic, disabling conditions improve their stamina and
  muscle strength.
Can help people with chronic, disabling conditions improve their stamina and
  muscle strength.
Sure bulging legs and tremendous stamina will keep you in the race, but the
  right gear is crucial if you want to win.
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