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[stawnch, stanch, stahnch] /stɔntʃ, stæntʃ, stɑntʃ/
verb (used with object)
to stop the flow of (a liquid, especially blood).
to stop the flow of blood or other liquid from (a wound, leak, etc.).
Archaic. to check, allay, or extinguish.
verb (used without object)
to stop flowing, as blood; be stanched.
Also called flash-lock, navigation weir. a lock that, after being partially emptied, is opened suddenly to send a boat over a shallow place with a rush of water.
Also, staunch.
Origin of stanch1
1275-1325; Middle English stanchen, staunchen (v.) < Old French estanchier to close, stop, slake (thirst) < Vulgar Latin *stanticāre, equivalent to Latin stant- (stem of stāns, present participle of stāre to stand) + -icāre causative suffix
Related forms
stanchable, adjective
stancher, noun
unstanchable, adjective


[stawnch, stahnch, stanch] /stɔntʃ, stɑntʃ, stæntʃ/
adjective, stancher, stanchest.
staunch2 .
Related forms
stanchly, adverb
stanchness, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for stanch
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • This is the first and principal point at which we can stanch the wastage of teaching energy that now goes on.

    The Salvaging Of Civilisation H. G. (Herbert George) Wells
  • She was a stanch five-year-old, and she had roamed the mountains about Pop's place at will.

    Way of the Lawless Max Brand
  • They saw more than trace enough of how he had tried to stanch the persistent flow from his wounds.

    Nan of Music Mountain Frank H. Spearman
  • She reserved articles she presented to her stanch friend, Kate O'Brien.

    The Masked Bridal Mrs. Georgie Sheldon
  • My father knew full well that the end was at hand, yet he faced it manfully, like the stanch old seaman he was.

    The Quest of the 'Golden Hope' Percy F. Westerman
  • Seating him on the cart, she proceeded to stanch the bleeding with the edge of her gown.

    Earth's Enigmas Charles G. D. Roberts
British Dictionary definitions for stanch


to stem the flow of (a liquid, esp blood) or (of a liquid) to stop flowing
to prevent the flow of a liquid, esp blood, from (a hole, wound, etc)
an archaic word for assuage
a primitive form of lock in which boats are carried over shallow parts of a river in a rush of water released by the lock
Derived Forms
stanchable, staunchable, adjective
stancher, stauncher, noun
Word Origin
C14: from Old French estanchier, from Vulgar Latin stanticāre (unattested) to cause to stand, from Latin stāre to stand, halt
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for stanch

"to stop the flow of" (especially of blood), c.1300, from Old French estanchier "cause to cease flowing, stop, hinder," from Vulgar Latin *stancare, perhaps contracted from *stagnicare, from Latin stagnum "pond, pool" (see stagnate).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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