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standard gauge

noun
1.
See under gauge (def 13).
Also, especially in technical use, standard gage.
Origin
1870-1875
1870-75
Related forms
standard-gauge, standard-gauged, adjective

gauge

[geyj] /geɪdʒ/
verb (used with object), gauged, gauging.
1.
to determine the exact dimensions, capacity, quantity, or force of; measure.
2.
to appraise, estimate, or judge.
3.
to make conformable to a standard.
4.
to mark or measure off; delineate.
5.
to prepare or mix (plaster) with a definite proportion of plaster of Paris and mortar.
6.
to chip or rub (bricks or stones) to a uniform size or shape.
noun
7.
a standard of measure or measurement.
8.
a standard dimension, size, or quantity.
9.
any device or instrument for measuring, registering measurements, or testing something, especially for measuring a dimension, quantity, or mechanical accuracy:
pressure gauge; marking gauge.
10.
a means of estimating or judging; criterion; test.
11.
extent; scope; capacity:
trying to determine the gauge of his own strength.
12.
Ordnance. a unit of measure of the internal diameter of a shotgun barrel, determined by the number of spherical lead bullets of a diameter equal to that of the bore that are required to make one pound:
a twelve-gauge shotgun.
13.
Railroads. the distance between the inner edges of the heads of the rails in a track, usually 4 feet 8.5 inches (1.4 meters) (standard gauge) but sometimes more (broad gauge) and sometimes less (narrow gauge)
14.
the distance between a pair of wheels on an axle.
15.
the thickness or diameter of various, usually thin, objects, as the thickness of sheet metal or the diameter of a wire or screw.
16.
the fineness of a knitted fabric as expressed in loops per every 1.5 inches (3.8 cm):
15 denier, 60 gauge stockings.
17.
Nautical. the position of one vessel as being to the windward (weather gauge) or to the leeward (lee gauge) of another vessel on an approximately parallel course.
18.
Building Trades. the portion of the length of a slate, tile, etc., left exposed when laid in place.
19.
the amount of plaster of Paris mixed with mortar or common plaster to hasten the set.
Also, especially in technical use, gage.
Origin
1375-1425; late Middle English < Old North French (French jauge) < Germanic
Related forms
gaugeable, adjective
gaugeably, adverb
misgauge, verb (used with object), misgauged, misgauging.
multigauge, adjective
regauge, verb (used with object), regauged, regauging.
self-gauging, adjective
ungauged, adjective
Synonyms
2. evaluate, assess, value, calculate.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for standard gauge
  • These trains run on standard gauge rail tracks but must be separated from freight trains.
  • They laid rails for branch lines and replaced narrow-gauge tracks with standard gauge.
  • German railroads must be of standard gauge, and rights are granted to other powers to use them.
British Dictionary definitions for standard gauge

standard gauge

noun
1.
a railway track with a distance of 4 ft 81/2 in. (1.435 m) between the lines; used on most railways See also narrow gauge, broad gauge
adjective
2.
of, relating to, or denoting a railway with a standard gauge

gauge

/ɡeɪdʒ/
verb (transitive)
1.
to measure or determine the amount, quantity, size, condition, etc, of
2.
to estimate or appraise; judge
3.
to check for conformity or bring into conformity with a standard measurement, dimension, etc
noun
4.
a standard measurement, dimension, capacity, or quantity
5.
any of various instruments for measuring a quantity: a pressure gauge
6.
any of various devices used to check for conformity with a standard measurement
7.
a standard or means for assessing; test; criterion
8.
scope, capacity, or extent
9.
the diameter of the barrel of a gun, esp a shotgun
10.
the thickness of sheet metal or the diameter of wire
11.
the distance between the rails of a railway track: in Britain 4 ft 81/2 in. (1.435 m)
12.
the distance between two wheels on the same axle of a vehicle, truck, etc
13.
(nautical) the position of a vessel in relation to the wind and another vessel. One vessel may be windward (weather gauge) or leeward (lee gauge) of the other
14.
the proportion of plaster of Paris added to mortar to accelerate its setting
15.
the distance between the nails securing the slates, tiles, etc, of a roof
16.
a measure of the fineness of woven or knitted fabric, usually expressed as the number of needles used per inch
17.
the width of motion-picture film or magnetic tape
adjective
18.
(of a pressure measurement) measured on a pressure gauge that registers zero at atmospheric pressure; above or below atmospheric pressure: 5 bar gauge See also absolute (sense 10)
Derived Forms
gaugeable, gageable, adjective
gaugeably, gageably, adverb
Word Origin
C15: from Old Northern French, probably of Germanic origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for standard gauge

gauge

v.

"ascertain by exact measurements," mid-15c., from Anglo-French gauge (mid-14c.), from Old North French gauger (Old French jauger), from gauge "gauging rod," perhaps from Frankish *galgo "rod, pole for measuring" or another Germanic source (cf. Old Norse gelgja "pole, perch," Old High German galgo; see gallows). Related: Gauged; gauging. The figurative use is from 1580s.

n.

"fixed standard of measure," early 15c. (surname Gageman is early 14c.), from Old North French gauge "gauging rod" (see gauge (v.)). Meaning "instrument for measuring" is from 1680s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for standard gauge

gauge 1

noun

A shotgun: a shotgun is called ''the gauge,'' explained Officer Phil Lee/ This man took a gauge (Armond pantomimes holding a gun, then bends over to dodge from it) and two people end up dead

[1970s+ Underworld & police; fr the use of gauge to designate the caliber of a shotgun]


gauge 2

noun

Marijuana; grass, pot, weed

[1930s+ Narcotics; origin unknown; perhaps from gaged, ''drunk'']


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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