stator

[stey-ter]
noun
1.
Electricity, Machinery. a portion of a machine that remains fixed with respect to rotating parts, especially the collection of stationary parts in the magnetic circuits of a machine. Compare rotor ( def 1 ).
2.
Aeronautics. the system of stationary airfoils in the compressor of a jet engine.

Origin:
1900–05; < Neo-Latin, Latin: literally, one that stands. See status, -tor

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
stator (ˈsteɪtə)
 
n
1.  the stationary part of a rotary machine or device, esp of a motor or generator
2.  a system of nonrotating radially arranged parts within a rotating assembly, esp the fixed blades of an axial flow compressor in a gas turbine
 
[C20: from Latin: one who stands (by), from stāre to stand]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Example sentences
They respond to load swings which requires the rotor and the stator to be
  remain in step.
Imagine a super conducting generator whose magnets and stator are super
  conductors.
The shift can be adjusted to control the phase shift between the first stator
  side and the second stator side.
The windings of the motor are placed in or on the stator.
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