steep

1 [steep]
adjective, steeper, steepest.
1.
having an almost vertical slope or pitch, or a relatively high gradient, as a hill, an ascent, stairs, etc.
2.
(of a price or amount) unduly high; exorbitant: Those prices are too steep for me.
3.
extreme or incredible, as a statement or story.
4.
high or lofty.
noun
5.
a steep place; declivity, as of a hill.

Origin:
before 900; Middle English stepe (adj.), Old English stēap; akin to stoop1

steeply, adverb
steepness, noun
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World English Dictionary
steep1 (stiːp)
 
adj
1.  a.  having or being a slope or gradient approaching the perpendicular
 b.  (as noun): the steep
2.  informal (of a fee, price, demand, etc) unduly high; unreasonable (esp in the phrase that's a bit steep)
3.  informal excessively demanding or ambitious: a steep task
4.  informal (Brit) (of a statement) extreme or far-fetched
5.  obsolete elevated
 
[Old English steap; related to Old Frisian stāp, Old High German stouf cliff, Old Norse staup]
 
'steeply1
 
adv
 
'steepness1
 
n

steep2 (stiːp)
 
vb
1.  to soak or be soaked in a liquid in order to soften, cleanse, extract an element, etc
2.  (tr; usually passive) to saturate; imbue: steeped in ideology
 
n
3.  an instance or the process of steeping or the condition of being steeped
4.  a liquid or solution used for the purpose of steeping something
 
[Old English stēpan; related to steap vessel, cup, Old High German stouf, Old Norse staup, Middle Dutch stōp]
 
'steeper2
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

steep
"having a sharp slope," O.E. steap "high, lofty," from P.Gmc. *staupaz (cf. O.Fris. stap, M.H.G. *stouf), from PIE *steup- "to push, stick, knock, beat," with derivations referring to projecting objects (cf. Gk. typtein "to strike," typos "a blow, mold, die;" Skt. tup- "harm," tundate "pushes, stabs;"
Goth. stautan "push;" O.N. stuttr "short"). The sense of "precipitous" is from c.1200. The slang sense "at a high price" is a U.S. coinage first attested 1856.

steep
"to soak in a liquid," late 14c., of uncertain origin, originally in reference to barley or malt, probably cognate with O.N. steypa "to pour out, throw" (or an unrecorded O.E. cognate), from P.Gmc. *staupijanan. Related: Steeped; steeping.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
And they cut terraces into the hillsides, progressively steeper, from the
  valleys up the slopes.
For centuries, logging and farming had pushed pandas to steeper and higher
  terrain.
Marine mammals face even steeper odds, with one in three species at risk of
  disappearing, according to the study.
But this year the stakes seem higher somehow, even as the impediments appear
  steeper.
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