steep

1 [steep]
adjective, steeper, steepest.
1.
having an almost vertical slope or pitch, or a relatively high gradient, as a hill, an ascent, stairs, etc.
2.
(of a price or amount) unduly high; exorbitant: Those prices are too steep for me.
3.
extreme or incredible, as a statement or story.
4.
high or lofty.
noun
5.
a steep place; declivity, as of a hill.

Origin:
before 900; Middle English stepe (adj.), Old English stēap; akin to stoop1

steeply, adverb
steepness, noun
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World English Dictionary
steep1 (stiːp)
 
adj
1.  a.  having or being a slope or gradient approaching the perpendicular
 b.  (as noun): the steep
2.  informal (of a fee, price, demand, etc) unduly high; unreasonable (esp in the phrase that's a bit steep)
3.  informal excessively demanding or ambitious: a steep task
4.  informal (Brit) (of a statement) extreme or far-fetched
5.  obsolete elevated
 
[Old English steap; related to Old Frisian stāp, Old High German stouf cliff, Old Norse staup]
 
'steeply1
 
adv
 
'steepness1
 
n

steep2 (stiːp)
 
vb
1.  to soak or be soaked in a liquid in order to soften, cleanse, extract an element, etc
2.  (tr; usually passive) to saturate; imbue: steeped in ideology
 
n
3.  an instance or the process of steeping or the condition of being steeped
4.  a liquid or solution used for the purpose of steeping something
 
[Old English stēpan; related to steap vessel, cup, Old High German stouf, Old Norse staup, Middle Dutch stōp]
 
'steeper2
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

steep
"having a sharp slope," O.E. steap "high, lofty," from P.Gmc. *staupaz (cf. O.Fris. stap, M.H.G. *stouf), from PIE *steup- "to push, stick, knock, beat," with derivations referring to projecting objects (cf. Gk. typtein "to strike," typos "a blow, mold, die;" Skt. tup- "harm," tundate "pushes, stabs;"
Goth. stautan "push;" O.N. stuttr "short"). The sense of "precipitous" is from c.1200. The slang sense "at a high price" is a U.S. coinage first attested 1856.

steep
"to soak in a liquid," late 14c., of uncertain origin, originally in reference to barley or malt, probably cognate with O.N. steypa "to pour out, throw" (or an unrecorded O.E. cognate), from P.Gmc. *staupijanan. Related: Steeped; steeping.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences for steepness
Firstly, the steepness of the incline is proportional to the resulting upthrust.
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