follow Dictionary.com

8 Words That Are Older Than You Think

sad

[sad] /sæd/
adjective, sadder, saddest.
1.
affected by unhappiness or grief; sorrowful or mournful:
to feel sad because a close friend has moved away.
2.
expressive of or characterized by sorrow:
sad looks; a sad song.
3.
causing sorrow:
a sad disappointment; sad news.
4.
(of color) somber, dark, or dull; drab.
5.
deplorably bad; sorry:
a sad attempt.
6.
Obsolete. firm or steadfast.
Origin
1000
before 1000; Middle English; Old English sæd grave, heavy, weary, orig. sated, full; cognate with German satt, Gothic saths full, satisfied; akin to Latin satis enough, satur sated, Greek hádēn enough. See satiate, saturate
Related forms
sadly, adverb
sadness, noun
Synonyms
1. unhappy, despondent, disconsolate, discouraged, gloomy, downcast, downhearted, depressed, dejected, melancholy.
Antonyms
1. happy.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source
Examples from the web for sadness
  • Most psychotherapists would agree that depression is anger and sadness that has been repressed.
  • sadness is an emotion, and depression is an illness.
  • And whereas many measures of depression and sadness have been defined, a coherent description of happiness remains elusive.
  • Money can't buy you happiness, but misery surely can bring you sadness.
  • sadness and listlessness are also hallmarks of major depression.
  • If feelings of sadness and despair seem to take over your life, you may have depression.
  • No words could describe either the beauty of the place, nor the profound sadness of the moment.
  • Our little lives have so few pleasures-in-themselves-delights that ease the pressures on our mortal sadness.
  • He plays his fine vocal instrument with great sweetness, yet there is an undercurrent of sadness.
  • But then a trill of sadness gurgles her speech, and the microphone is suddenly filled with her sobs.
British Dictionary definitions for sadness

sad

/sæd/
adjective sadder, saddest
1.
feeling sorrow; unhappy
2.
causing, suggestive, or expressive of such feelings: a sad story
3.
unfortunate; unsatisfactory; shabby; deplorable: her clothes were in a sad state
4.
(Brit, informal) ludicrously contemptible; pathetic: he's a sad, boring little wimp
5.
(of pastry, cakes, etc) not having risen fully; heavy
6.
(of a colour) lacking brightness; dull or dark
7.
(archaic) serious; grave
verb
8.
(NZ) to express sadness or displeasure strongly
Derived Forms
sadly, adverb
sadness, noun
Word Origin
Old English sæd weary; related to Old Norse sathr, Gothic saths, Latin satur, satis enough

SAD

abbreviation
1.
seasonal affective disorder
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Cite This Source
Word Origin and History for sadness
n.

early 14c., "seriousness," from sad + -ness. Meaning "sorrowfulness" is c.1500, perhaps c.1400.

sad

adj.

Old English sæd "sated, full, having had one's fill (of food, drink, fighting, etc.), weary of," from Proto-Germanic *sathaz (cf. Old Norse saðr, Middle Dutch sat, Dutch zad, Old High German sat, German satt, Gothic saþs "satiated, sated, full"), from PIE *seto- (cf. Latin satis "enough, sufficient," Greek hadros "thick, bulky," Old Church Slavonic sytu, Lithuanian sotus "satiated," Old Irish saith "satiety," sathach "sated"), from root *sa- "to satisfy" (cf. Sanskrit a-sinvan "insatiable").

Sense development passed through the meaning "heavy, ponderous" (i.e. "full" mentally or physically), and "weary, tired of" before emerging c.1300 as "unhappy." An alternative course would be through the common Middle English sense of "steadfast, firmly established, fixed" (e.g. sad-ware "tough pewter vessels") and "serious" to "grave." In the main modern sense, it replaced Old English unrot, negative of rot "cheerful, glad."

Meaning "very bad" is from 1690s. Slang sense of "inferior, pathetic" is from 1899; sad sack is 1920s, popularized by World War II armed forces (specifically by cartoon character invented by Sgt. George Baker, 1942, and published in U.S. Armed Forces magazine "Yank"), probably a euphemistic shortening of common military slang phrase sad sack of shit.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source
sadness in Medicine

SAD abbr.
seasonal affective disorder

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Cite This Source
Slang definitions & phrases for sadness

sad

adjective

Inferior; botched or bungled; crummy: It's a sad dump/ What a sad-ass town (first form 1899+, second 1971+ third 1974+)


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
Cite This Source
Related Abbreviations for sadness

SAD

seasonal affective disorder
The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
Cite This Source

Word of the Day

Difficulty index for sad

Most English speakers likely know this word

Word Value for sadness

8
9
Scrabble Words With Friends

Quotes with sadness

Nearby words for sadness