stockholm-syndrome

Stockholm syndrome

noun Psychiatry.
an emotional attachment to a captor formed by a hostage as a result of continuous stress, dependence, and a need to cooperate for survival.

Origin:
after an incident in Stockholm in 1973, during which a bank employee became romantically attached to a robber who held her hostage

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Collins
World English Dictionary
Stockholm syndrome
 
n
a psychological condition in which hostages or kidnap victims become sympathetic towards their captors
 
[C20: after a group of hostages in Stockholm in 1973]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Stockholm Syndrome
1978, a psychologists' term; the name derives from the Aug. 23, 1973, violent armed robbery of Sveriges Kreditbank in Stockholm, Sweden, after which four bank employees were held hostage in a vault for more than five days. The hostages developed a dramatic attachment to their abuser, and a fear of would-be
rescuers, that they could not explain. The city arose mid-13c. from a fishing village; the second element in the name is holm "island;" the first is either stäk "bay" or stock "stake, pole."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

Stockholm syndrome Stock·holm syndrome (stŏk'hōlm', -hōm')
n.
A phenomenon in which a hostage begins to identify with and grow sympathetic to his or her captor.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
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