1 [stohv]
a portable or fixed apparatus that furnishes heat for warmth, cooking, etc., commonly using coal, oil, gas, wood, or electricity as a source of power.
a heated chamber or box for some special purpose, as a drying room or a kiln for firing pottery.
verb (used with object), stoved, stoving.
to treat with or subject to heat, as in a stove.

1425–75; (noun) late Middle English: sweat bath, heated room, probably < Middle Dutch, Middle Low German, cognate with Old English stofa, stofu heated room for bathing, Old High German stuba (German Stube room; cf. bierstube), Old Norse stofa; early Germanic borrowing < Vulgar Latin *extupa, *extūpa (> French étuve sweat room of a bath; cf. stew1), noun derivative of *extūpāre, *extūfāre to fill with vapor, equivalent to Latin ex- ex-1 + Vulgar Latin *-tūfāre < Greek tȳ́phein to raise smoke, smoke, akin to tŷphos fever (see typhus); alternatively explained as a native Germanic base, borrowed into Romance (cf. izba); (v.) late Middle English stoven to subject to hot-air bath, derivative of the noun Unabridged


2 [stohv]
a simple past tense and past participle of stave.


one of the thin, narrow, shaped pieces of wood that form the sides of a cask, tub, or similar vessel.
a stick, rod, pole, or the like.
a rung of a ladder, chair, etc.
a verse or stanza of a poem or song.
the alliterating sound in a line of verse, as the w- sound in wind in the willows.
Music. staff1 ( def 9 ).
verb (used with object), staved or stove, staving.
to break in a stave or staves of (a cask or barrel) so as to release the wine, liquor, or other contents.
to release (wine, liquor, etc.) by breaking the cask or barrel.
to break or crush (something) inward (often followed by in ).
to break (a hole) in, especially in the hull of a boat.
to break to pieces; splinter; smash.
to furnish with a stave or staves.
to beat with a stave or staff.
verb (used without object), staved or stove, staving.
to become staved in, as a boat; break in or up.
to move along rapidly.
Verb phrases
stave off,
to put, ward, or keep off, as by force or evasion.
to prevent in time; forestall: He wasn't able to stave off bankruptcy.

1125–75; (noun) Middle English, back formation from staves; (v.) derivative of the noun

unstaved, adjective

4. See verse. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
stave (steɪv)
1.  any one of a number of long strips of wood joined together to form a barrel, bucket, boat hull, etc
2.  any of various bars, slats, or rods, usually of wood, such as a rung of a ladder or a crosspiece bracing the legs of a chair
3.  any stick, staff, etc
4.  a stanza or verse of a poem
5.  music
 a.  (Brit) an individual group of five lines and four spaces used in staff notation
 b.  another word for staff
vb (usually foll by in) , staves, staving, staved, stove
6.  (often foll by in) to break or crush (the staves of a boat, barrel, etc) or (of the staves of a boat) to be broken or crushed
7.  to burst or force (a hole in something)
8.  (tr) to provide (a ladder, chair, etc) with a stave or staves
9.  (Scot) (tr) to sprain (a finger, toe, etc)
[C14: back formation from staves, plural of staff1]

stove1 (stəʊv)
1.  another word for cooker
2.  any heating apparatus, such as a kiln
3.  to process (ceramics, metalwork, etc) by heating in a stove
4.  (Scot) to stew (meat, vegetables, etc)
[Old English stofa bathroom; related to Old High German stuba steam room, Greek tuphos smoke]

stove2 (stəʊv)
a past tense and past participle of stave

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

"piece of a barrel," 1750, back-formation from staves (late 14c.), plural of staff (cf. leaves/leaf), possibly from O.E., but not recorded there. The verb (to stave in, past tense stove) is 1590s, originally nautical, on notion of bashing in the staves of a cask and letting
out the contents; stave off (1620s) is lit. "keep off with a staff," as of dogs.

1456, "heated room, bath-room," from M.L.G. or M.Du. stove, both meaning "heated room," which was the original sense in Eng.; a general W.Gmc. word (cf. O.E. stofa "bath-room," Ger. Stube "sitting room") of uncertain relationship to similar words in Romance languages (cf. It. stufa, Fr. étuve
"sweating-room;" see stew (v.)). One theory traces them all to V.L. *extufare "take a steam bath." The meaning "device for heating or cooking" is first recorded 1618. Stove pipe is recorded from 1699; as a type of tall cylindrical hat for men, from 1851.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica


device used for heating or cooking. The first of historical record was built in 1490 in Alsace, entirely of brick and tile, including the flue. The later Scandinavian stove had a tall, hollow iron flue containing iron baffles arranged to lengthen the travel of the escaping gases in order to extract maximum heat. The Russian stove had as many as six thick-walled masonry flues; it is still widely used in northern countries. The stove is often installed at the intersection of interior partition walls in such a manner that a portion of the stove and the flue is inside each of four rooms; a fire is maintained until the stove and flues are hot, and then the fire is extinguished and the flues closed, storing the heat

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
These devices tended to be crude and inefficient, and boiled seawater above a
  stove or furnace.
Also, make sure your stove works before you've washed and cut up mounds of
But let him sit on a hot stove for a minute and it's longer than any hour.
Water temperatures hotter than what you reach with your stove aren't all
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