a plan, scheme, or trick for surprising or deceiving an enemy.
any artifice, ruse, or trick devised or used to attain a goal or to gain an advantage over an adversary or competitor: business stratagems.

1480–90; (< Middle French stratageme) < Italian stratagemma war ruse < Latin stratēgēma < Greek stratḗgēma instance of generalship, derivative of stratēgeîn to be in command, derivative of stratēgós military commander (see strategy)

stratagemical [strat-uh-jem-i-kuhl] , adjective
stratagemically, adverb

stratagem, strategy, tactic (see synonym study at strategy).

1, 2. See trick. 2. deception, intrigue, device, maneuver, contrivance. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
stratagem (ˈstrætɪdʒəm)
a plan or trick, esp one to deceive an enemy
[C15: ultimately from Greek stratēgos a general, from stratos an army + agein to lead]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

"artifice, trick," 1489, from M.Fr. stratagème "trick, especially to outwit an enemy," from It. stratagemma, from L. strategema "artifice, stratagem," from Gk. strategema "the act of a general, military stratagem," from strategein "to be a general, command," from strategos "general" (see
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Ah, the tenure track and all of the anxiety and stratagems that it entails.
She had been prodigal of all her resources, money and energy and imaginative
  stratagems and loving kindness.
Few successful teachers are able to dispense with such stratagems completely in
  a pinch.
The people perceiving all the stratagems he made use of, to be affected,
  continued still in their choice.
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