strength

[strengkth, strength, strenth]
noun
1.
the quality or state of being strong; bodily or muscular power; vigor.
2.
mental power, force, or vigor.
3.
moral power, firmness, or courage.
4.
power by reason of influence, authority, resources, numbers, etc.
5.
number, as of personnel or ships in a force or body: a regiment with a strength of 3000.
6.
effective force, potency, or cogency, as of inducements or arguments: the strength of his plea.
7.
power of resisting force, strain, wear, etc.
8.
vigor of action, language, feeling, etc.
9.
the effective or essential properties characteristic of a beverage, chemical, or the like: The alcoholic strength of brandy far exceeds that of wine.
10.
a particular proportion or concentration of these properties; intensity, as of light, color, sound, flavor, or odor: coffee of normal strength.
11.
something or someone that gives one strength or is a source of power or encouragement; sustenance: The Bible was her strength and joy.
12.
power to rise or remain firm in prices: Stocks continued to show strength. The pound declined in strength.
Idioms
13.
on the strength of, on the basis of; relying on: He was accepted by the college on the strength of ardent personal recommendations.

Origin:
before 900; Middle English strengthe, Old English strengthu; see strong, -th1

self-strength, noun
superstrength, noun


4. Strength, power, force, might suggest capacity to do something. Strength is inherent capacity to manifest energy, to endure, and to resist. Power is capacity to do work and to act. Force is the exercise of power: One has the power to do something. He exerts force when he does it. He has sufficient strength to complete it. Might is power or strength in a great or overwhelming degree: the might of an army. 9. potency. 10. brightness, loudness, vividness, pungency.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
strength (strɛŋθ)
 
n
1.  the state or quality of being physically or mentally strong
2.  the ability to withstand or exert great force, stress, or pressure
3.  something that is regarded as being beneficial or a source of power: their chief strength is technology
4.  potency, as of a drink, drug, etc
5.  power to convince; cogency: the strength of an argument
6.  degree of intensity or concentration of colour, light, sound, flavour, etc
7.  the full or part of the full complement as specified: at full strength; below strength
8.  finance firmness of or a rising tendency in prices, esp security prices
9.  archaic, poetic or a stronghold or fortress
10.  informal (Austral), (NZ) the general idea, the main purpose: to get the strength of something
11.  from strength to strength with ever-increasing success
12.  in strength in large numbers
13.  on the strength of on the basis of or relying upon
 
[Old English strengthu; related to Old High German strengida; see strong]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

strength
O.E. strengþu "power, force, vigor, moral resistance," from P.Gmc. *strangitho (cf. O.H.G. strengida "strength"), in gradational relationship to the root of strong. Verb strengthen is recorded from c.1300.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Idioms & Phrases

strength

see brute force (strength); on the strength of; tower of strength.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer.
Copyright © 1997. Published by Houghton Mifflin.
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Example sentences
The tyranny of ageing is less the waning of physical strength than the burden
  of surviving life and loss.
It takes muscle strength and vigor to hold one's head up and sit up straight.
As some adults get older, they may no longer have the physical strength or
  agility to engage in their chosen pleasures of life.
One advantage of this adhesive over others is that its strength is strongly
  direction dependent.
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