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strife

[strahyf] /straɪf/
noun
1.
vigorous or bitter conflict, discord, or antagonism:
to be at strife.
2.
a quarrel, struggle, or clash:
armed strife.
3.
competition or rivalry:
the strife of the marketplace.
4.
Archaic. strenuous effort.
Origin of strife
1175-1225
1175-1225; Middle English strif < Old French estrif, akin to estriver to strive
Related forms
strifeful, adjective
strifeless, adjective
understrife, noun
Synonyms
1. difference, disagreement, contrariety, opposition. 2. fight, conflict.
Antonyms
1, 2. peace.

strive

[strahyv] /straɪv/
verb (used without object), strove or strived, striven
[striv-uh n] /ˈstrɪv ən/ (Show IPA)
or strived, striving.
1.
to exert oneself vigorously; try hard:
He strove to make himself understood.
2.
to make strenuous efforts toward any goal:
to strive for success.
3.
to contend in opposition, battle, or any conflict; compete.
4.
to struggle vigorously, as in opposition or resistance:
to strive against fate.
5.
to rival; vie.
Origin
1175-1225; Middle English striven < Old French estriver to quarrel, compete, strive < Germanic; compare obsolete Dutch strijven, German streben to strive
Related forms
striver, noun
strivingly, adverb
interstrive, verb (used without object), interstrove, interstriven, interstriving.
outstrive, verb (used with object), outstrove, outstriven, outstriving.
overstrive, verb (used without object), overstrove, overstriven, overstriving.
restrive, verb (used without object), restrove, restriven, restriving.
unstriving, adjective
Synonyms
1. See try. 2. toil. 3. struggle, fight.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for strives

strife

/straɪf/
noun
1.
angry or violent struggle; conflict
2.
rivalry or contention, esp of a bitter kind
3.
(Austral & NZ) trouble or discord of any kind: to get into strife
4.
(archaic) striving
Word Origin
C13: from Old French estrif, probably from estriver to strive

strive

/straɪv/
verb strives, striving, strove, striven (ˈstrɪvən)
1.
(may take a clause as object or an infinitive) to make a great and tenacious effort: to strive to get promotion
2.
(intransitive) to fight; contend
Derived Forms
striver, noun
Word Origin
C13: from Old French estriver, of Germanic origin; related to Middle High German streben to strive, Old Norse strītha to fight
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for strives

strife

n.

early 13c., from Old French estrif, variant of estrit "quarrel, dispute, impetuosity," probably from Frankish *strid, from Proto-Germanic *strido- "strife, combat" (cf. Old High German strit "quarrel, dispute"), related to Old High German stritan "to fight;" see stride.

strive

v.

c.1200, from Old French estriver "to quarrel, dispute," from estrif, estrit "quarrel" (see strife). It became a strong verb (past tense strove) by rhyming association with drive, etc.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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