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strife

[strahyf] /straɪf/
noun
1.
vigorous or bitter conflict, discord, or antagonism:
to be at strife.
2.
a quarrel, struggle, or clash:
armed strife.
3.
competition or rivalry:
the strife of the marketplace.
4.
Archaic. strenuous effort.
Origin
1175-1225
1175-1225; Middle English strif < Old French estrif, akin to estriver to strive
Related forms
strifeful, adjective
strifeless, adjective
understrife, noun
Synonyms
1. difference, disagreement, contrariety, opposition. 2. fight, conflict.
Antonyms
1, 2. peace.

strive

[strahyv] /straɪv/
verb (used without object), strove or strived, striven
[striv-uh n] /ˈstrɪv ən/ (Show IPA)
or strived, striving.
1.
to exert oneself vigorously; try hard:
He strove to make himself understood.
2.
to make strenuous efforts toward any goal:
to strive for success.
3.
to contend in opposition, battle, or any conflict; compete.
4.
to struggle vigorously, as in opposition or resistance:
to strive against fate.
5.
to rival; vie.
Origin
1175-1225; Middle English striven < Old French estriver to quarrel, compete, strive < Germanic; compare obsolete Dutch strijven, German streben to strive
Related forms
striver, noun
strivingly, adverb
interstrive, verb (used without object), interstrove, interstriven, interstriving.
outstrive, verb (used with object), outstrove, outstriven, outstriving.
overstrive, verb (used without object), overstrove, overstriven, overstriving.
restrive, verb (used without object), restrove, restriven, restriving.
unstriving, adjective
Synonyms
1. See try. 2. toil. 3. struggle, fight.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for strives
  • He strives to understand how cells respond to infection to learn how to better fight disease.
  • These are all traits of a culture that strives to exist, and continue.
  • He strives and strives to clamber up an inclined plane, and each time slips down.
  • In its turn this magnetic field operates on the piece of iron, so that the latter strives to move towards the magnet.
  • Even that fish may be caught that strives the hardest against it.
  • For a translation usually strives to respect the discriminations expressed in the text, and to differentiate similar things.
  • The soul strives amain to live and work through all things.
  • The tax system is set to become more burdensome as the government strives to consolidate weakened public finances.
  • The printed press still strives to criticise the government, the judiciary is independent, civil society is vibrant.
  • Each worker thus strives to favour the reproductive success of the queen, even at the price of her own reproductive failure.
British Dictionary definitions for strives

strife

/straɪf/
noun
1.
angry or violent struggle; conflict
2.
rivalry or contention, esp of a bitter kind
3.
(Austral & NZ) trouble or discord of any kind to get into strife
4.
(archaic) striving
Word Origin
C13: from Old French estrif, probably from estriver to strive

strive

/straɪv/
verb strives, striving, strove, striven (ˈstrɪvən)
1.
(may take a clause as object or an infinitive) to make a great and tenacious effort to strive to get promotion
2.
(intransitive) to fight; contend
Derived Forms
striver, noun
Word Origin
C13: from Old French estriver, of Germanic origin; related to Middle High German streben to strive, Old Norse strītha to fight
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for strives
strife
early 13c., from O.Fr. estrif, variant of estrit "quarrel, dispute, impetuosity," probably from Frankish *strid, from P.Gmc. *strido- "strife, combat" (cf. O.H.G. strit "quarrel, dispute"), related to O.H.G. stritan "to fight;" see stride.
strive
c.1200, from O.Fr. estriver "to quarrel, dispute," from estrif, estrit "quarrel" (see strife). It became a strong verb (past tense strove) by rhyming association with drive, etc.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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10
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