strife

[strahyf]
noun
1.
vigorous or bitter conflict, discord, or antagonism: to be at strife.
2.
a quarrel, struggle, or clash: armed strife.
3.
competition or rivalry: the strife of the marketplace.
4.
Archaic. strenuous effort.

Origin:
1175–1225; Middle English strif < Old French estrif, akin to estriver to strive

strifeful, adjective
strifeless, adjective
understrife, noun


1. difference, disagreement, contrariety, opposition. 2. fight, conflict.


1, 2. peace.
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strive

[strahyv]
verb (used without object), strove or strived, striven [striv-uhn] or strived, striving.
1.
to exert oneself vigorously; try hard: He strove to make himself understood.
2.
to make strenuous efforts toward any goal: to strive for success.
3.
to contend in opposition, battle, or any conflict; compete.
4.
to struggle vigorously, as in opposition or resistance: to strive against fate.
5.
to rival; vie.

Origin:
1175–1225; Middle English striven < Old French estriver to quarrel, compete, strive < Germanic; compare obsolete Dutch strijven, German streben to strive

striver, noun
strivingly, adverb
interstrive, verb (used without object), interstrove, interstriven, interstriving.
outstrive, verb (used with object), outstrove, outstriven, outstriving.
overstrive, verb (used without object), overstrove, overstriven, overstriving.
restrive, verb (used without object), restrove, restriven, restriving.
unstriving, adjective


1. See try. 2. toil. 3. struggle, fight.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
strife (straɪf)
 
n
1.  angry or violent struggle; conflict
2.  rivalry or contention, esp of a bitter kind
3.  (Austral), (NZ) trouble or discord of any kind: to get into strife
4.  archaic striving
 
[C13: from Old French estrif, probably from estriver to strive]

strive (straɪv)
 
vb , strives, striving, strove, striven
1.  (may take a clause as object or an infinitive) to make a great and tenacious effort: to strive to get promotion
2.  (intr) to fight; contend
 
[C13: from Old French estriver, of Germanic origin; related to Middle High German streben to strive, Old Norse strītha to fight]
 
'striver
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

strife
early 13c., from O.Fr. estrif, variant of estrit "quarrel, dispute, impetuosity," probably from Frankish *strid, from P.Gmc. *strido- "strife, combat" (cf. O.H.G. strit "quarrel, dispute"), related to O.H.G. stritan "to fight;" see stride.

strive
c.1200, from O.Fr. estriver "to quarrel, dispute," from estrif, estrit "quarrel" (see strife). It became a strong verb (past tense strove) by rhyming association with drive, etc.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
He strives to understand how cells respond to infection to learn how to better
  fight disease.
These are all traits of a culture that strives to exist, and continue.
He strives and strives to clamber up an inclined plane, and each time slips
  down.
In its turn this magnetic field operates on the piece of iron, so that the
  latter strives to move towards the magnet.
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