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[strohv] /stroʊv/
simple past tense of strive.


[strahyv] /straɪv/
verb (used without object), strove or strived, striven
[striv-uh n] /ˈstrɪv ən/ (Show IPA)
or strived, striving.
to exert oneself vigorously; try hard:
He strove to make himself understood.
to make strenuous efforts toward any goal:
to strive for success.
to contend in opposition, battle, or any conflict; compete.
to struggle vigorously, as in opposition or resistance:
to strive against fate.
to rival; vie.
Origin of strive
1175-1225; Middle English striven < Old French estriver to quarrel, compete, strive < Germanic; compare obsolete Dutch strijven, German streben to strive
Related forms
striver, noun
strivingly, adverb
interstrive, verb (used without object), interstrove, interstriven, interstriving.
outstrive, verb (used with object), outstrove, outstriven, outstriving.
overstrive, verb (used without object), overstrove, overstriven, overstriving.
restrive, verb (used without object), restrove, restriven, restriving.
unstriving, adjective
1. See try. 2. toil. 3. struggle, fight. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for strove
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • He watched her as she strove to speak, but if her lips stirred they made no sound.

    Way of the Lawless Max Brand
  • He clasped his head in his hands and strove to clear his mind for a moment from obsession.

    Viviette William J. Locke
  • Williams, Gunby, and Howard, all strove in vain to bring it to order.

  • She strove her mightiest to rid herself of them, but in vain.

    Within the Law Marvin Dana
  • Though he strove to put confidence into his words, his painful doubt was manifest.

    Within the Law Marvin Dana
  • His tone was pregnant with alarm, though he strove to make it merely complaining.

    Within the Law Marvin Dana
  • For it was thus that William first strove to satisfy his followers.

  • And, casting his long arms about her, he strove to draw her to him.

    Fair Margaret H. Rider Haggard
British Dictionary definitions for strove


the past tense of strive


verb strives, striving, strove, striven (ˈstrɪvən)
(may take a clause as object or an infinitive) to make a great and tenacious effort: to strive to get promotion
(intransitive) to fight; contend
Derived Forms
striver, noun
Word Origin
C13: from Old French estriver, of Germanic origin; related to Middle High German streben to strive, Old Norse strītha to fight
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for strove



c.1200, from Old French estriver "to quarrel, dispute," from estrif, estrit "quarrel" (see strife). It became a strong verb (past tense strove) by rhyming association with drive, etc.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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