|a soft silvery-white element of the alkaline earth group of metals, occurring chiefly in celestite and strontianite. Its compounds burn with a crimson flame and are used in fireworks. The radioisotope strontium-90, with a half-life of 28.1 years, is used in nuclear power sources and is a hazardous nuclear fall-out product. Symbol: Sr; atomic no: 38; atomic wt: 87.62; valency: 2; relative density: 2.54; melting pt: 769°C; boiling pt: 1384°C|
|[C19: from New Latin, from |
|the offspring of a zebra and a donkey.|
|an arrangement of five objects, as trees, in a square or rectangle, one at each corner and one in the middle.|
strontium stron·ti·um (strŏn'chē-əm, -tē-əm, -shəm)
A soft, easily oxidized metallic element that ignites spontaneously in air when finely divided. Atomic number 38; atomic weight 87.62; melting point 777°C; boiling point 1,382°C; specific gravity 2.54; valence 2.
|strontium (strŏn'chē-əm, -tē-əm) Pronunciation Key
A soft, silvery metallic element of the alkaline-earth group that occurs naturally only as a sulfate or carbonate. One of its isotopes is used in the radiometric dating of rocks. Because strontium salts burn with a red flame, they are used to make fireworks and signal flares. Atomic number 38; atomic weight 87.62; melting point 769°C; boiling point 1,384°C; specific gravity 2.54; valence 2. See Periodic Table.