the royal house that ruled in Scotland from 1371 to 1714 and in England from 1603 to 1714 See also Stewart
Charles Edward, called the Young Pretender or Bonnie Prince Charlie. 1720–88, pretender to the British throne. He led the Jacobite Rebellion (1745–46) in an attempt to re-establish the Stuart succession
his father, James Francis Edward, called the Old Pretender. 1688–1766, pretender to the British throne; son of James II (James VII of Scotland) and his second wife, Mary of Modena. He made two unsuccessful attempts to realize his claim to the throne (1708; 1715)
A Scottish family that ruled England from the early seventeenth century to the early eighteenth century, except for the eleven years of the Commonwealth. The last Stuart, Queen Anne, died without any surviving children. The crown then passed to the House of Hanover.